Grammar of Greek 1, Lesson 1

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Pronounce the Greek alphabet alpha, beta, gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta, eta, theta, iota, kappa, lambda, mu, nu, xi (ksi), omicron, pi, rho, sigma, tau, upsilon, phi, chi, psi, omega  
List the Greek vowels α, ε, η, ι, ο, υ, ω  
What are the breathing marks in Greek? Rough: makes an 'h' sound (e.g., ὁ) or Smooth: not pronounced (e.g., ἐν)  
What is a dipthong? Two vowels that produce one sound (e.g., aisle)  
What are the Greek dipthongs? αι (aisle), ει (eight), οι (oil), υι (suite), αυ (ow), ου (soup), ευ & ηυ (feud)  
What is an improper dipthong? A vowel and a iota subscript (not pronounced): e.g., γραφῃ  
What are the different kinds of verbs? Action, linking, and helping  
What is an action verb? A verb which shows action  
What is a linking verb? A verb which expresses a state of being  
What is a helping verb? Another word added to the main verb to indicate changes in tense, time, etc. (e.g., I have read)  
What is a complement? The noun in a sentence receiving the action of the verb.  
What is the complement of an action verb? A direct or indirect object.  
What is the complement of a linking verb? A predicate adjective or a predicate nominative.  
What is a predicate adjective? An adjective that complements a linking verb.  
What is a predicate nominative? A noun that complements a linking verb.  
What is a conjunction? A part of speech that connects two words, phrases, or clauses together  
What is a coordinating conjunction? A conjunctions that joins two items of equal importance  
What are the coordinating conjunctions in English? FANBOYS: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So  
How do you determine a verb's person in Greek? The ending of the Greek verb indicates its person  

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