words that describe prose

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imagery reference to the five senses (sight, touch, smell, hearing, and taste). Essentially, imagery is a group of words that create a mental image. Such images can be created by using figures of speech such as similes, metaphors, personification, and assonance.  
metaphor a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness between them. Example: He was drowning in money.  
metonymy a method of describing something by using words that are related to the word rather than the word itself. For example, you might have been told once to follow your heart. What was really meant was that you should follow your instincts, or desires, or what you love. So, in this case, heart is a metynym for love.  
narration descriptions of what is happening of setting, of scenes of action (or lack of action)  
enjamb a run-on at the end of the line; can lead to an added meaning and interestingly interrupted rhythms  
alliteration repitition of initial consonant sounds or vowel sounds (usually at the beginning of a word)  
anaphora repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a line  
assonance use of similar vowel sounds repeated in successive or proximate words containing different consonants (mellow;tone)  
consonance repetition of final consonant sounds in a series of words  
couplet two line stanza; or the same rhyme pattern in two conjoined lines  
personification when an object or animal is given figurative human attributes (also anthropomorphism)  
similes imagistic comparison of a literal idea or image (referent) with a figurative concrete image (vehicle) using "like" or "as".  
refrain a line or set of lines at the end of a stanza or section of a longer poem or song--these lines repeat at regular intervals in other stanzas or sections of the same work. Sometimes the repetition involves minor changes in wording  
stanza a grouping of lines in a poem, much like a paragraph; the number of ilnes can follow a strict form or be organically chosen as in free verse  

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