GRE Vocabulary Study

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abate (v) reduce, diminish  
abdicate (v) formally give up the throne (or some other responsibility)  
aberrant (adj) abnormal, deviant  
abhor (v) detest, regard with disgust  
abjure (v) give up, renounce; repudiate, recant, or shun  
abrasive (adj) rough, suitable for grinding or polishing; causing irritation  
abridge (v) reduce or lessen; shorten by omitting parts throughout  
abstain (v) hold back, refrain (especially from something bad/unhealthy)  
acme (n) summit, peak, highest point  
activism (n) the practice of pursuing political or other goals vigorously  
adhere (v) stick (to), such as with glue, or to a plan or belief  
admonish (v) mildly scold; caution, advise, or remind to do something  
adverse (adj) opposing, harmful  
advocate (v) speak or argue in favor of; (n) a person who advocates  
aesthetic (adj) concerning the appreciation or beauty or good taste  
affable (adj) warm and friendly, pleasant, approachable  
affectation (n) fake behavior adopted to give a certain impression  
aggrandize (v) make greater; exaggerate  
aggregate (v) gather together; (adj) constituting a whole made up of parts  
alacrity (n) cheerful or speedy willingness  
alienate (v) cause to become unfriendly, hostile, or distant  
alleviate (v) lessen, make easier to endure  
ambiguous (adj) not clear, hard to understand, open to several interpretations  
ambivalent (adj) uncertain; unable to decide  
analogous (adj) comparable, corresponding in some particular way  
anarchy (n) absence of law or government; chaos, disorder  
anoint (v) rub or sprinkle oil on; make sacred, such as by a ceremony  
anomaly (n) deviation from what is common; inconsistency  
antagonize (v) make hostile or unfriendly  
apathy (n) not caring; absence of feeling; lack of interest or concern  
apocryphal (adj) of questionable authenticity; false  
arcane (adj) known or understood by only a few; obscure, secret  
archaic (adj) characteristic of an earlier period, ancient, primitive  
arduous (adj) very difficult, strenuous; severe, hard to endure  
articulate (adj) using language in a clear, fluent way; (v) speak distinctly  
artifact n) any object made by humans, esp. those from an earlier time  
artless (adj) free or deceit or craftiness, natural, genuine; crude, uncultured  
ascertain (v) find out with certainty  
ascetic (adj) abstinent or austere in lifestyle; (n) an ascetic person  
assuage (v) make milder, relieve; soothe, pacify, or calm  
audacious (adj) very bold or brave, often in a rude or reckless way  
augment (v) make larger  
austere (adj) severe in manner or appearance; very self-disciplined; sober  
autonomous (adj) self-governing, independent  
aver (v) declare or affirm with confidence  
avid (adj) enthusiastic, dedicated, passionate; excessively desirous  
balk (v) refuse to proceed or to do something  
base (adj) morally low, mean, dishonorable; of little or no value; unrefined  
belie (v) contradict or misrepresent  
benign (adj) harmless; favorable; kindly, gentle, or beneficial  
bogus (adj) fake, fraudulent  
bolster (v) strengthen or support  
boor (n) rude, ill-mannered, or insensitive person; a country bumpkin  
buffer (n) something that shields, protects, absorbs shock, or cushions  
bureaucracy (n) government characterized by petty administrators  
burgeon (v) grow or flourish rapidly; put forth buds or shoots (of a plant)  
buttress (v) support or encourage; (n) a prop, esp. projecting from a wall  
bygone (adj) past, former; (n) that which is in the past (usually plural noun)  
cacophony (n) harsh, discordant, or meaningless mixture of sounds  
candid (adj) open, sincere, honest  
canonical (adj) authorized, recognized; pertaining to the canon  
capricious (adj) acting on impulse, erratic  
cartography (n) mapmaking  
castigate (v) criticize severely; punis in order to correct  
catalyst (n) causer of change  
caustic (adj) capable of corroding metal or burning the skin; very critical  
censure (n) strong disapproval or reprimand; (v) to issue such reprimand  
chauvinism (n) fanatical patriotism; biased devotion to any group or cause  
chronological (adj) arranged in or relating to time order  
clamor (v) noisy uproar or protest, as from a crowd; a loud, continuous noise  
clinch (v) make final or settle conclusively; to fasten or hold together  
coalesce (v) come together, unite; fuse together  
cogent (adj) very convincing, logical  
commensurate (adj) the same in size, extent, etc., equivalent; proportional  
complacent (adj) self-satisfied, smug; overly content (therefore lazy)  
complementary (adj) completing; fitting together well; filling mutual needs  
compliant (adj)obeying, submissive; following the requirements  
concede (v) give in, admit, yield; acknowledge reluctantly; grant or give up  
conciliatory (adj) reconciling, appeasing, attempting to make the peace  
concur (v) approve, agree  
condone (v) overlook, tolerate, regard as harmless  
confer (v)consult, compare views; bestow or give  
connoisseur (n)expert, especially in the fine arts; person of refined tastes  
console (v) lessen the suffering of; (n) a control panel; small table or cabinet  
consolidate (v) unite, combine, solidify, make coherent  
constrict (v) squeeze, compress; restrict the freedom of  
construe (v) interpret or translate  
contentious (adj) controversial prone to causing arguments, esp. petty ones  
conundrum (n) riddle-the answer to which involves a play on words; mystery  
converge (v) move towards one another or toward a point; unite  
conversant (adj) knowledgeable about or experienced with  
conversely (adv) in an opposite way; on the other hand  
convoluted (adj) twisted; very complicated  
copious (adj) plentiful, bountiful  
corroborate (v) support, add evidence to  
cosmopolitan (adj) belonging to the entire world, at home globally  
countenance (n) facial expression or face; (v) approve or tolerate  
counterintuitive (adj) against what one would intuitively expect  
counterpoint (n) contrasting item, opposite; a complement  
counterproductive (adj) defeating the purpose; preventing the intended goal  
covert (adj) secret, veiled, undercover  
crafty (adj) cunning, skillful in deception or underhanded schemes  
craven (adj) very cowardly, lacking courage  
credibility (n) believability, trustworthiness  
credulous (adj) gullible, prone to believing or trusting too easily  
crescendo (n) steady increase in force, intensity or the loudness of music  
culminate (v) reach the highest point or final stage  
cynical (adj) thinking the worst of others' motivations; bitterly pessimistic  
daunt (v) discourage, dishearten, lessen the courage of  
debase (v) degrade; lower in quality, value, rank, etc.; lower in moral quality  
debunk (v) expose, ridicule, or disprove false or exaggerated claims  
decorous (adj) behaving with propriety and good taste; polite  
deem (v) judge; consider  
deface (v) vandalize, mar the appearance of  
default (n) failure to act, neglect; (v) fail to fulfill an obligation, especially a financial one  
deference (n) respectful submission; yielding to the authority or opinion of another  
deflect (v) cause to curve; turn aside, esp. from a straight course; avoid  
deleterious (adj) harmful, unhealthful  
delineate (v) mark the outline of; sketch; describe in detail  
denigrate (v) belittle, attack the reputation of  
denote (v) be a name or symbol for  
deride (v) mock, scoff at, laugh at contemptuously  
derivative (adj) derived from something else; not original  
desiccate (v) thoroughly dried up, dehydrated  
detached (adj) impartial, disinterested; unconcerned, distant, aloof  
deterrent (n) something that restrains or discourages  
diatribe (n) bitter, abusive attack or criticism; rant  
didactic (adj) intended to instruct; teaching, or teaching a moral lesson  
digress (v) go off-topic when speaking or writing  
din (n) loud, confused noise, esp. for a long period of time  
disabuse (v) free someone from a mistake in thinking  
discerning (adj) having good judgment or insight; able to distinguish mentally  
discredit (adj) injure the reputation of, destroy credibility of or confidence in  
discrepancy (n) difference or inconsistency  
discriminating (adj) judicious, discerning, having good judgment or insight  
disingenuous (adj) insincere, not genuine  
disinterested (adj) unbiased, impartial; not interested  
disjointed (adj) disconnected, not coherent, jerky; having the joints separated  
dismiss (v) allow to disperse or leave; fire from a job; put side or reject, esp. after only a brief consideration  
dispassionate (adj) unbiased, not having a selfish or personal motivation; calm, lacking emotion  
dispatch (n) speed, promptness; (v) send off or deal with in a speedy way  
disperse (v) scatter, spread widely, cause to vanish  
disposition (n) a person's general or natural mood; tendency  
disquieting (adj) disturbing, causing anxiety  
disseminate (v) scatter, spread about, broadcast  
dissent (v) disagree or take an opposing view, esp. in relation to a formal body such as a government, political party, or church; (n) such a view  
dissonance (n) harsh, inharmonious sound; cacophony; disagreement  
distill (v) purify; extract the essential elements of  
diverge (v) differ, deviate; branch off or turn aside, as from a path  
divest (v) deprive or strip of a rank, title, etc., or of clothing or gear; to sell off holdings (opposite of invest)  
divine (v) discover through divination or supernatural means; perceive by insight  
document (v) support with evidence, cite sources in a detailed way, create documentary evidence of  
dogma (n) a system of principles laid down by an authority; established belief  
dormant (adj) asleep, inactive, on a break  
dubious (adj) doubtful, questionable, suspect  
e.g. (abbreviation) for Latin "exempli gratia," for example, such as  
eccentric (adj) peculiar, odd, deviating from the norm, esp. in a whimsical way  
eclectic (adj) selecting the best of everything or from many diverse sources  
eclipse (n) the obscuring of one thing by another, such as the sun by the moon or a person by a more famous or talented person; (v) to obscure, darken, make less important  
efficacy (n) the quality of being able to produce the intended effect  
egalitarian (adj) related to belief in the equality of all people, esp. in political, economic, or social spheres  
egregious (adj) extraordinarily or conspicuously bad; glaring  
elated (adj) very happy, in high spirits  
elevate (v) raise, lift up; lift the spirits of; move up to a higher rank or status or raise up to a higher spiritual or intellectual plane  
elicit (v) call forth, bring out, evoke  
eloquent (adj) marked by forceful, fluid, apt speech; expressive, emotionally moving  
embellish (v) decorate, add ornamentation; enhance (a story) with fictional or fanciful details  
eminent (adj) prominent, distinguished, of high rank  
empirical (adj) coming from, based on, or able to be verified by experience or experimentation; not purely based on theory  
emulate (v) copy in an attempt to equal or be better than  
enervate (v) weaken, tire  
enhance (v) raise to a higher value, desirability, etc.  
enigma (n) puzzle, mystery, riddle; mysterious or contradictory person  
entitlement (n) having the right to certain privileges; believing, sometimes without cause, that one deserves or has a right to certain privileges  
enumerate (v) count or list; specify one-by-one  
ephemeral (adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting  
equitable (adj) fair, equal, just  
erratic (adj) inconsistent, wandering, having no fixed course  
erroneous (adj) mistaken, in error; improper, morally incorrect  
erudite (adj) scholarly, knowledgeable; possessing deep, often systematic, knowledge  
eschew (v) shun, avoid, abstain from  
esoteric (adj) understood by or intended for only a few; secret  
estimable (adj) worthy of esteem, admirable; able to be estimated  
eulogy (n) speech of praise or written work of praise, esp. a speech given at a funeral  
exacerbate (v) make worse (more violent, severe, etc.), inflame; irritate or embitter (a person)  
exacting (adj) very severe in making demands; requiring precise attention  
exculpate (v) clear from guilt or blame  
exhaustive (adj) comprehensive, thorough, exhausting a topic or subject, accounting for all possibilities; draining, tending to exhaust  
explicit (adj) direct, clear, fully revealed; clearly depicting sex or nudity  
exponent (n) person who expounds or explains; champion, advocate, or representative  
extraneous (adj) irrelevant; foreign, coming from without, not belonging  
extrapolate (v) conjectrue about an unknown by projecting information about something known; predict by projecting past experience  
facetious (adj) joking, humorous, esp. inappropriately; not serious, concerned with frivolous things  
facilitate (v) make easier, help the progress of  
fallacious (adj) containing a fallcy, or mistake in logic; deceptive  
fanatical (adj) excessively devoted, enthusiastic, or zealous in an uncritical way  
fanciful (adj) whimsical, capricious; imaginary; freely imaginative rather than based on reason or reality  
fathom (v) measure the depth of (usu. of water) as with a sounding line; penetrate and discover the meaning of, understand  
feasible (adj) possible; logical or likely; suitable  
fidelity (n) faithfulness, loyalty; strict observance of duty; accuracy in reproducing a sound or image  
finesse (n) extreme delicacy, subtlety, or diplomacy in handling a sensitive situation or in a performance or skill; (v) use tact or diplomacy; employ a deceptive strategy  
flag (v) get tired, lose enthusiasm; hang limply or droop  
fleeting (adj) passing quickly, transitory  
figurative (adj) metaphorical, based on figures of speech; related to portraying human or animal figures  
foment (v) incite, instigate, stir up, promote the growth of; apply medicated liquid to a body part  
foreshadow (v) indicate or suggest beforehand  
forfeit (v) surrender or lose as a result of an error, crime, or failure to fulfill an obligation  
fortify (v) strengthen, invigorate, encourage  
fringe (adj) on the margin, periphery; (n) the people in a group who hold the most extreme views  
frugal (adj) economical, thrifty, not wasteful with money; inexpensive  
futile (adj) producing no useful result, ineffective; trivial or unimportant  
gainsay (v) declare false, deny; oppose  
garrulous (adj) talkative, wordy, rambling  
gauche (adj) tactless, lacking social grace, awkward, crude  
gawky (adj) physically awkward (esp. of a tall, skinny person, often used to describe teenagers)  
germane (adj) relevant and appropriate, on topic  
gist (n) main idea, essence  
glib (adj) fluent and easy in a way that suggests superficiality or insincerity  
goosebumps (n) the "bumps" created by hairs standing up on the skin in response to cold, fear, etc.  
gradation (n) a progression, a process talking place gradually, in stages; one of these stages  
gregarious (adj) sociable, pertaining to a flock or crowd  
guile (n) clever deceit, cunning, craftiness  
hackneyed (adj) so commonplace as to be stale; not fresh or original  
hardy (adj) bold, brave, capable of withstanding hardship, fatigue, cold, etc.  
haven (n) harbor or port; refuge, safe place  
hearken (v) listen, pay attention to  
hedonist (n) person devoted to pleasure  
heterogeneous (adj) different in type, incongruous; composed of different types of elements  
hierarchy (n) a ranked series; a classification of people according to rank, ability; a ruling body  
hodgepodge (n) mixture of different kinds of things, jumble  
homogeneous (adj) of the same kind; uniform throughout  
hyperbole (n) deliberate exaggeration for effect  
idiosyncrasy (n) characteristic or habit peculiar to an individual; peculiar quality, quirk  
illiberality (n) narrow-mindedness, bigotry; strictness or lack of generosity  
imminent (adj) ready to occur, impending  
impair (v) make worse, weaken  
impartial (adj) unbiased, fair  
impede (v) hold back, obstruct the progress of  
implication (n) act of implying or that which is implied; close connection, esp. in an incriminating way  
implicit (adj) implied, not stated directly; involved in the very essence of something, unquestionable  
implode (v) burst inward  
inadvertent (adj) unintentional; characterized by a lack of attention, careless  
inasmuch (adv) in like manner, considering that (contraction of "in as much," generally followed by "as")  
incendiary (adj) setting on fire, pertaining to arson; arousing strife, rebellion, etc; "inflaming" the senses  
incentive (n) something that encourages greater action or effort, such as a reward  
inchoate (adj) just begun, undeveloped, unorganized  
incipient (adj) just beginning; in a very early stage  
incongruous (adj) out of place, inappropriate, not harmonious  
inconsequential (adj) insignificant, unimportant; illogical  
incorporate (v) combine, unite; form a legal corporation; embody, give physical form to  
indeterminate (adj) not fixed or determined, indefinite; vague  
indifferent (adj) not caring, having no intrerest; unbiased, impartial  
inform (v) inspire, animate; give substance, essence, or context to; be the characteristic quality of  
ingenuous (adj) genuine, sincere not holding back; naive  
ingrained (adj) deep-rooted, forming part of the very essence; worked into the fiber  
inherent (adj) existing as a permanent, essential quality; intrinsic  
innocuous (adj) harmless, inoffensive  
intelligible (adj) able to be understood, clear  
intractable (adj) difficult to control, manage, or manipulate; hard to cure; stubborn  
intrepid (adj) fearless, brave, enduring in the face of adversity  
intrinsic (adj) belonging to the essential nature of something  
jargon (n) vocabulary specific to a group or occupation; convoluted or unintelliglbe language  
jocular (adj) joking or given to joking all the time; jolly, playful  
judicious (adj) using good judgment; wise, sensible  
juncture (n) critical point in time, such as a crisis or a time when a decision is necessary; a place where two things are joined together  
keen (adj) sharp, piercing; very perceptive or mentally sharp; intense (of a feeling)  
kudos (n) praise, honor, congratulations  
lackluster (adj) not shiny; dull, mediocre; lacking brilliance or vitality  
laconic (adj) using few words, concise  
lament (v) mourn; express grief, sorrow, or regret; (n) an expression of grief, esp. as a song or poem  
lampoon (n) a harsh satire; (v) ridicule or satirize  
landmark (n) object (such as a building) that stands out and can be used to navigate by; a very important place, event, etc.  
languid (adj) drooping from exhaustion, sluggish, slow; lacking in spirit  
lassitude (n) tiredness, weariness; lazy indifference  
laudable (adj) worthy of praise  
lavish (adj) abundant or giving in abundance; marked by excess; (v) give very generously  
layperson (n) a person who is not a member of the clergy or not a member of a particular profession (such as medicine, law, etc.)  
levity (n) lightness (of mind, spirit, or mood) or lack of seriousness, sometimes in an inappropriate way  
levy (v) collect tax from, wage war on, or enlist for military service; (n) act of collecting tax or amount owed, or the drafting of troops into military service (n)  
liberal (adj) favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possible individual freedom; tolerant, open-minded; generous  
libertine (n) morally or sexually unrestrained person; freethinker (regarding religion)  
likewise (adv) also, in addition to; similarly, in the same way  
log (v) keep a record of, write down; travel for or at a certain distance or speed; (n) a written record  
loquacious (adj) talkative, wordy  
lucid (adj) clear, easy to understand; rational, sane  
lull (v) soothe or cause to fall asleep (as in a lullaby); quiet down; make to feel secure, sometimes falsely; (n) a period of calm or quiet  
makeshift (n) a temporary, often improvised, substitute; (adj) improvised for temporary use  
malleable (adj) able to be bent, shaped, or adapted  
maverick (n) rebel, individualist, dissenter  
mendacious (adj) lying, habitually dishonest  
mercurial (adj) quickly and unpredictably changing moods fickle, flighty  
metamorphosis a complete change or transformation (in biology, a change such as a caterpillar becoming a pupa and then a butterfly)  
meticulous (adj) taking extreme care in regards to details; precise, fussy  
mitigate (v) make less severe; lessen or moderate (damage, grief, pain, etc.)  
modest (adj) humble; simple rather than showy; decent (esp. "covering up" in terms of dress); small, limited  
mollify (v) calm or soothe (an angry person); lessen or soften  
monotony (n) sameness or repetitiousness to the point of being boring; lack of variation, uniformity, esp. repetition in sound  
moreover (adv) besides; in addition to what was just stated  
mores (n) customs, manners, or morals of a particular gorup  
mundane (adj) common, ordinary, everyday  
naive (adj) simple and unsophisticated, unsuspecting, lacking worldly experience and critical judgment  
nascent (adj) coming into existence, still developing  
negate (v) deny or refute; make void or cause to be ineffective  
net (adj) remaining after expenses or other factors have been deducted; ultimate; (v) to bring in as profit, or to catch as in a net  
nevertheless/nonetheless (adv) however, even so, despite that  
notoriety (n) ill fame; the state of being well-known for a disgraceful reason  
novel (adj) new, fresh, original  
nuance (n) a subtle difference in tone, meaning, expression, etc.  
objective (adj) factual, related to reality or physical objects; not influenced by emotions, unbiased  
obsequious (adj) servile, very compliant, fawning  
obsolete (adj) out of date, no longer in use  
obstinate (adj) stubborn or hard to control  
obviate (v) prevent, eliminate, or make unnecessary  
occult (n) the supernatural; (adj) pertaining to magic, astrology, etc.; mysterious, secret or hidden; (v) to hide, to shut off from view  
offhand (adj) casual, informal; done without preparation or forethought; rude in a short way, brusque  
officious (adj) excessively eager in giving unwanted advice or intruding where one is not wanted; meddlesome, pushy  
offset (v) counteract, compensate for; (n) a counterbalance  
onerous (adj) burdensome, oppressive, hard to endure  
opaque (adj) not translucent; not allowing light, heat, etc. to pass through; dark, dull, unclear or stupid  
optimal or optimum (adj) best, most desirable or favorable  
orthodox (adj) adhering to a traditional, established faith, or to anything customary or commonly accepted  
oscillate (v) swing back and forth; waver, change one's mind  
outstrip (v) surpass, exceed; be larger or better than; leave behind  
overshadow (v) cast a shadow over, darken; dominate, make to seem less important  
paradigm (n) model or pattern; worldview, set of shared assumptions, values, etc.  
paradox (n) contradiction, or seeming contradiction that is actually true  
pariah (n) social outcast, untouchable  
partial (adj) biased, prejudiced, favoring one over others; having a special liking for something or someone (usu. partial to)  
partisan (adj) devoted to a particular group, cause, etc.; (n) fervent supporter of a group, party, idea, etc.; guerilla fighter  
patent (adj) obvious, apparent, plain to see; (n) a letter from a government guaranteeing an inventor the rights to his or her invention  
pathological (adj) relating to or caused by disease; relating to compulsive bad behavior  
patronizing (adj) condescending, having superior manner, treating as an inferior  
paucity (n) scarcity, the state of being small in number  
peccadillo (n) small sin or fault  
pedestrian (adj) ordinary, dull, commonplace  
penchant (n) liking or inclination (usu. penchant for)  
perfidious (adj) disloyal, treacherous, violating one's trust  
peripheral (adj) relating to or making up an outer boundary or region; not of primary importance, fringe  
permeate (v) spread or penetrate throughout  
pervasive (adj) tending to spread throughout  
philanthropy (n) efforts to improve the well-being of humankind, generally through giving money  
phony (adj) fake, counterfeit; insincere, not genuine  
pious (adj) devout; religiously reverent and dutiful  
pith (n) core, essence; significance or weight  
placate (v) satisfy or calm down (an angry or dissatisfied person), esp. by conciliatory gestures  
placid (adj) peaceful, calm, tranquil  
plastic (adj) able to be shaped or formed; easily influenced  
plausible (adj) believable; having the appearance of truth  
plummet (v) plunge, fall straight down  
polarized (adj) divided into sharply opposed groups  
ponderous (adj) heavy; bulky and unwieldy; dull, labored  
posthumous (adj) happening or continuing after death  
potentate (n) ruler, person of great power  
pragmatic (adj) practical; dealing with actual facts and reality  
preamble (n) introductory statement, preface  
precarious (adj) unstable, insecure, dangerous  
precursor (n) something that comes before, esp. something that also announces or suggests something on its way  
predisposed (adj) having an inclination or tendnecy beforehand; susceptible  
pre-empt (v) prevent; take the place of, supplant; take before someone else can  
presumptive (adj) based on inference or assumption; providing reasonable grounds for belief  
presumptuous (adj) too bold or forward; going beyond that which is proper  
pretentious (adj) claiming or demanding a position of importance or dignity, esp. when unjustified; showing off  
principled (adj) having high moral standards  
pristine (adj) in an original, pure state; uncorrupted  
probity (n) honesty, integrity  
prodigal (adj) wasteful, extravagant; giving abundantly, lavish  
prodigious (adj) extraordinarily large, impressive, etc.  
profligate (adj) completely and shamelessly immoral, or extremely wasteful  
profound (adj) very insightful, penetrating deeply into a subject; pervaisve, intense; at the very bottom  
profuse (adj) abundant, extravant, giving or given freely  
prohibitive (adj) tending to forbid something, or serving to prevent something  
proliferate (v) increase or spread rapidly or excessively  
prologue (n) introductory part of a book, play, etc.  
pronounced (adj) distinct, strong, clearly indicated  
propriety (n) conforming to good manners or appropriate behavior; justness  
prosaic (adj) dull, ordinary  
proscribe (v) prohibit, outlaw; denounce; exile or banish  
prospective (adj) potential, in the future  
prudent (adj) wise in practical matters, carefully providing for the future  
pugnacious (adj) inclined to fight, combative  
qualified (adj) modified, limited, conditional on something else  
quandary (n) uncertainty or confusion about what to do, dilemma  
quibble (v) make trivial arguments, find faults in a petty way  
quotidian (adj) daily; everyday, ordinary  
ranks (n) personnel; a group of people considered all together  
reap (v) harvest, such as by cutting; gather; get as a result of one's effort  
recluse (n) person who lives in seclusion  
refute (v) prove to be false  
relegate (v) send or commit to an inferior place, rank, condition, etc.; exile, banish; assign (a task) to someone else  
remedial (adj) providing a remedy, curative; correcting a deficient skill  
render (v) give, submit, surrender; translate; declare formally; cause to become  
replete (adj) supplied in abundance, filled, gorged (used with 'with')  
reproach (n) blame, disgrace; (v) criticize, express disappointment in  
repudiate (v) reject, cast off, deny that something has authority  
requite (v) reciprocate, repay, or revenge  
rescind (v) annul, repeal, make void  
resolution (n) the quality of being firmly determined; resolving to do something; a formal judgment, esp. decided by a vote  
resolve (v) find a solution to; firmly decide to do something; decide by formal vote; (n) firmness of purpose  
respectively (adv) in the order given  
restive (adj) impatient or uneasy under the control of another; resisting being controlled  
reticent (adj) not talking much; private (of a person), restrained, reserved  
retrospective (adj) looking to the past or backward; retroactive; (n) an art exhibit of an artist's work over a long period of time  
reverent (adj) feeling or expressing very deep respect and awe  
rhetoric (n) the art or study of persuasion through speaking or writing; language that is elaborate or pretentious but actually empty, meaning little  
rife (adj) happening frequently, abundant, currently being reported  
rudimentary (adj) elementary, relating to the basics; undeveloped, primitive  
rustic (adj) relating to country life, unsophisticated; primitive; made of rough wood; (n) a rural or uncultured person  
sacrosanct (adj) sacred, inviolable, not to be trespassed on or violated; above any criticism  
sagacious (adj) wise; showing good judgment and foresight  
salubrious (adj) healthful, promoting health  
sanction (n) permission or approval; a legal action by one or more countries against another country to get it to comply; (v) to allow, confirm, ratify  
sanguine (adj) cheerfully optimistic, hopeful; reddish, ruddy (as in rosy-red cheeks indicating health or vitality)  
sap (n) the inner fluid of a plant or any essential body fluid; energy, vitality; a person taken advantage of; (v) undermine, weaken, tire out  
satiate or sate (v) to fully satisfy; to go beyond satisfying to the point of excess  
saturate (v) soak or imbue thoroughly; cause a substance to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance  
savor (v) appreciate fully, taste or smell with pleasure  
scant (adj) not enough or barely enough  
scathing (adj) severe, injurious; bitterly harsh or critical (as a remark)  
secular (adj) not religious or holy; pertaining to worldly things  
sedulous (adj) persevering, persistent, diligent in one's efforts  
sentient (adj) conscious; experiencing sensation or perceiving with the senses  
simultaneous (adj) at the same time  
skeptic (adj) inclined to doubting or questioning generally accepted beliefs  
skirt (v) border, lie along the edge of, go around; evade  
slack (adj) loose, negligent, lazy, weak; (v) neglect one's duties; relax  
slew (n) a large number or quantity  
slight (adj) small, not very important, slender; (v) treat as though not very important; snub, ignore; (n) an act of treating in this way, a discourtesy  
solicitous (adj) concerned or anxious (about another person), exprssing care; eager or desirous; very careful  
soporific (adj) causing sleep; sleepy, drowsy; (n) something that causes sleep  
sound (v) measure the depth of (usu. of water) as with a sounding line; penetrate and discover the meaning of, understand (usu. as sound the depths)  
spartan (adj) very disciplined and stern; frugal, living simply, austere; suggestive of the ancient Spartans  
spate (n) sudden outpouring or rush; flood  
spearhead (v) be the leader of  
specious (adj) seemingly true but actally false; deceptively attractive  
spectrum (n) a broad range of nevertheless related qualities or ideas, esp. those that overlap to create a continuous series  
speculate (v) contemplate; make a guess or educated guess about; engage in a risky business transaction, gamble  
sporadic (adj) occasional, happening irregularly or in scattered locations  
sportive (adj) playful, merry, joking around, done "in sport" and not seriously  
standing (n) status, rank reputation; (adj) existing indefinitely, not movable  
stark (adj) complete, total; harsh or grim; extremely simple, severe, blunt  
static (adj) fixed, not moving or changing, lacking vitality  
status quo (n) existing state or condition  
stingy (adj) not generous with money, reluctant to spend or give  
stoic or stoical (adj) indifferent to pleasure or pain, enduring without complaint  
stolid (adj) unemotional, showing little emotion, not easily moved  
stymie or stymy (v) block, hinder, or thwart; (n) an obstacle  
subjective (adj) relating to one's own thoughts, opinions, emotions, etc.  
subside (v) sink, settle down, become less active; return to a normal level  
substantiate (v) support with evidence or proof; give a material existence to  
succeeding (adj) coming after or following  
supersede (v) replace, take the position of, cause to be disregarded as void  
supplicate (v) pray humbly; ask, beg, or seek in a humble way  
surfeit (n) excess, excessive amount, overindulgence  
surmise (v) guess, infer, think, or make an opinion with incomplete information  
sycophant (n) servile flatterer, parasitic person who fawns to get ahead  
synchronous (adj) happening at the same time; occurring at the same rate  
table (v) lay aside to discuss later, oft. as a way to postpone indefinitely  
tacit (adj) understood without being said; implied; silent  
taciturn (adj) not talking much, reserved; silent  
tangential (adj) only slightly relevant, going off-topic  
temperance (n) moderation, self-control, esp. regarding alcohol  
tenuous (adj) long and thin, slender; flimsy, having little substance  
timely (adj) well-timed, happening at a suitable time  
timorous (adj) fearful, timid  
tirade (n) bitter, abusive criticism or verbal attack  
torpor (n) sluggishness, lethargy, or apathy; a period of inactivity  
torrid (adj) very hot, parching, burning; passionate  
tractable (adj) easily controlled or managed, docile; easily shaped  
transitory (adj) temporary, short-lived, not lasting  
trifling (adj) trivial, not very important; so small to be unimportant; frivolous  
trite (adj) lacking freshness and originality; overused  
ubiquitous (adj) existing everywhere at the same time  
undermine weaken, cause to collapse by digging away at the foundation (of a building or an argument); injure or attack in a secretive or underhanded way  
underscore (v) emphasize (or, literally, to underline text)  
unearth (v) dig up, uncover, expose  
unequivocal (adj) unambiguous, clear, absolute; having only one possible meaning  
unprecedented (adj) never before known or sen, without having happened previously  
unseemly (adj) improper, inappropriate, against the rules of taste or politeness  
vacillate (v) waver in one's mind or opinions, be indecisive  
venerate (v) revere, regard with deep respect and awe  
veracity (n) truthfulness, accuracy; habitual adherence to the truth  
verbose (adj) wordy  
viable (adj) capable of living (or growing, developing, etc.); practical, workable  
vintage (adj) related to items of high quality from a previous era, old-fashioned, antique; (n) the wine of a particular year  
virtual (adj) existing only in the mind or by means of a computer network; existing in results or in essence but not officially or in name  
vituperate (v) verbaly abuse, rebuke or criticize harshly  
volatile (adj) varying, inconstant, fleeting; tending to violence, explosive  
warranted (adj) justified, authorized (warrant can mean to justify or a justification, but can also mean to vouch for or guarantee)  
wary (adj) watchful, motivated by caution, on guard against danger  
whereas (conj) while on the contrary, considering that  
whimsical (adj) marked or motiated by whims (odd, fanciful ideas); erratic, unpredictable  
wily (adj) crafty, cunning, characterized by tricks or artifice  
zeal (n) great fervor or enthusiasm for a cause, person, etc.; tireless diligence in furthering that cause; passion, ardor  
zenith (n) high point, culmination  

Quisition is a browser-based flashcard system that repeats old cards and introduces new ones at optimal time intervals. You can create your own card packs or use those developed by others.