Basic Esperanto root words

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abelo bee  
abio fir tree  
abismo abyss, 'bottomless' chasm  
abomeno abomination, abhorence, loathing  
aboni subscribe  
abono subscription  
abrikoto apricot  
abrupta abrupt, hasty, sudden  
absceso abscess  
absoluta absolute  
absorbi engross, absorb (the attention, mind)  
abstini abstain  
abstrakta abstract, not concrete  
absurda absurd, nonsensical, ridiculous  
abunda abundant, ample  
acero maple tree  
acida acid, sour, tart  
aĉeti buy, purchase  
adapti adapt, fit  
adiaǔ goodbye  
adicii add, add up  
adjektivo adjective  
administri administer, manage  
admiri admire  
admoni exhort, admonish  
adopti adopt  
adori adore, worship  
adresi to address  
adreso an address  
adverbo adverb  
advokato advocate, lawyer(?)  
aero air  
afabla kind, affable  
afero matter, affair, thing  
afikso affix  
afiŝo poster, bill  
aflikti afflict, distress  
afranki prepay  
agento agent  
agi to act  
ago act, action  
agiti agitate, stir up  
aglo eagle  
agordo tune, attune  
agrabla pleasant, enjoyable  
aĝo age  
ajlo garlic  
ajn -ever  
akademio academy  
akceli accelerate  
akcento accent, stress  
akcepti accept, take, consent to recieve  
akcidento accident  
akcio share (of company)  
akiri acquire, come to have, gain, obtain  
akno pimple, acne  
akompani to accompany  
akordo accord, agreement  
akra sharp, keep  
akrido locust  
akso axis, straight central line  
aktiva active  
akto act (theater, or law)  
aktoro actor (theater)  
aktuala present, of present interest, current  
akurata punctual, prompt, regular  
akuzi accuse, blame for, lay fault on  
akvo water  
akvumi to water  
al (prep.) to, towards  
alarmo alarm, alert, warning  
alaǔdo Lark  
albumo album (book,etc)  
aldoni to add  
aleo tree-lined garden path (arbvojo)  
alfabeto alphabet  
algo seaweed, algea  
alia other  
aliĝi join, ally with  
alkoholo alchohol  
almenaǔ at least (not less than) (adv.) (ne malpli ol; se ne pli; minimume)  
almozo alms, charitable relief  
alta high  
alternativo alternative  
alterni alternate (nt)  
aludi allude to, mention in passing  
alumeto match  
aluminio aluminium  
amara bitter (to taste)  
amaso mass, accumulation; heap, pile  
amatoro amateur  
ambasado embassy?  
ambasadoro ambassador  
ambaǔ both  
ambulanco ambulance, field hospital  
amfibio amphibian  
ami to love  
amiko friend  
amindumi court, make love to, woo  
amplekso dimension, compass, extent, magnitude, proportions  
ampolo bulb, ampulla, bulging extension, (pharm.) bulb; light bulb, thermometer bulb  
amuzi amuse  
anaso duck  
anekdoto anecdote, narrative  
angilo eel  
angulo angle (geom.)  
anĝelo Angel  
animalo animal  
animo spirit, soul  
ankaǔ also, too  
ankoraǔ still, yet, till now (shows continuation, no change)  
anonci announce  
ansero goose  
anso knob, bight, loop  
anstataǔ instead of  
antaǔ befor (prep.)  
antaǔulo predecessor, fore-runner  
antikva antique  
aparato apparatus  
aparta separate, apart, distinct  
apartamento apartement  
aparteni belong to  
apenaǔ hardly, only just, barely, scarcely; (kun peno) (preskaǔ ne)  
aperi to appear  
aperturo aperture, gap, opening, orifice  
apetito appetite, desire for food, etc.  
aplaǔdi applaud, cheer, clap  
apliki to apply, bring to bear on, employ/use for special purpose  
apogi support; place/rest on for support; give support to  
apostolo (religion) apostle  
apostrofo apostrophe  
apoteko pharmacy, drugstore  
aprilo April  
apro wild boar  
aprobi approve of, be pleased with; authorize, certify, recognize  
apud (prep) at (the side of), beside; by, close to, near  
araneo spider  
aranĝi arrange, put in order, adjust, organize, take steps  
arbitra arbitrary  
arbo tree  
arbusto shrub, bush  
arĉo bow, fiddlestick  
arda ardent, burning, glowing, hot, fiery; eager, fervent, keen  
aresti arrest, apprehend, seize  
argilo clay  
argumento argument, reasoning  
arĝento silver  
arko arc, curve; bow (pafarko)  
armeo army, forces  
armi arm (against), equip, fortify  
armo arms, weapons  
aromo aroma, fragrance  
arterio artery  
artifiko artifice, contrivance, device, dodge, subterfuge, trick  
artiklo commodity, article of commerce  
artiko articulation, joint  
artikolo article  
arto art  
asekuri assure, secure value of property, insure against  
asembleo assembly, gathering of body (council,etc)  
aserti assert, affirm, claim, declare, state  
asfalto asphalt  
asisti assist officially, back up, support  
asocio association  
aspekti appear to be, look  
astro heavenly body, (sun, star, planet, etc)  
ataki attack, assail, assault; begin, tackle  
atenci make a criminal attempt on, outrage  
atendi wait, await  
atenta attentive, observant  
atesti attest, certify, testify  
atingi reach, attain  
atomo atom  
or (conj.)  
aǔdaca audacious, bold, daring  
aǔdi to hear  
aǔgusto August  
aǔskulti to listen to (atente audi)  
aǔto automobile  
aǔtobuso bus  
aǔtomato automaton, self-acting mechanism  
aǔtomobilo automobile, car  
aǔtoritato authority  
aǔtoro author, writer  
aǔtuno autumn  
avantaĝo advantage, better position  
avara avaricious, greedy, miserly  
aveno oats  
aventuro adventure  
avenuo avenue  
averti admonish, advise against, warn  
aviadilo aeroplane  
avida covetous, greedy  
avo grandfather  
azeno ass, donkey  
babili chat, chatter, babble  
bacilo bacilus  
bagatelo trifle, bagatelle  
baki bake, cook in an oven  
bakterio bacterium  
balai sweep  
balailo broom  
balanci rock; swing; nod  
balbuti stammer, stutter  
baldaǔ soon  
baleno whale  
balo ball, dance (social function)  
balono balloon  
baloti vote, ballot, poll  
bambuo bamboo  
banano banana  
bandaĝo bandage  
bani bathe (tr.)  
banko bank  
banto bow, pom-pom; bow-tie  
bapti christen, baptize  
barakti flounder, thrash about, struggle  
barbiro barber (men's hair dresser)  
barbo beard  
barelo barrel  
barilo barrier  
barko vessel; barque  
baro bar, barrier  
basko coat-tail, skirt  
bastono stick, baton  
batali battle, fight  
baterio battery  
bati beat, strike  
bazaro market, bazaar  
bazo base, basis  
bebo baby  
bedaǔri regret; to be sorry about  
beko beak, bill, nib, burner?, mount-piece  
bela lovely, fine, beautiful  
bendo tape, strip, band; tyre?  
beni bless  
benko bench  
benzino petrol, gasoline  
bero berry  
besto animal, beast  
beto beet, beetroot  
betulo birch  
bezoni need, require  
biblioteko library  
biciklo bicycle  
bieno estate, land  
biero beer  
bifsteko steak, beefsteak  
bildo picture, image  
bileto ticket  
bindi bind  
birdo bird  
blanka white  
blasfemi blaspheme, swear  
bleki (sound made by animal)  
ŝafbleki 'baa' sound by sheep  
blinda blind  
bloko block  
blonda fair, blonde  
blovi blow  
blua blue  
bluzo blouse  
boato boat  
boji to bark (dog)  
boli boil (ntr)  
boligi to boil something (tr)  
bolanta boiling  
bombo bomb  
bombono sweet, bonbon, candy  
bona good  
bonhavo credit, asset  
bonvoli be so good as to, 'please'  
bordo bank (of river), shore  
bori drill, bore, pierce  
borso stock exchange  
bosko grove, clump of trees  
botelo bottle  
boto boot  
bovlo bowl; wine cup  
virbovo bull  
bovino cow  
bovido calf  
bovaĵo beef  
braceleto bracelet  
bradipo sloth  
braĝo charcoal  
brako arm  
brajli brail up, clew up  
brajla skribo Braille  
brakumi embrace  
brakseĝo armchair  
branĉo branch  
brando brandy; spirits  
branko gill  
brasiko cabbage  
brava worthy, valiant; gallant; brave  
bredi breed, raise  
bremso a brake  
bremsi to brake, slow down  
breto shelf  
breĉo breach  
brido a bridle, a restraint  
briko brick  
brila bright, shining; brilliant  
brili to shine  
brizo a breeze  
broĉo a brooch  
brodi embroider  
brokanti broker, deal in 2nd-hand goods  
bronzo bronze  
brokolo broccoli  
bronko bronchial tube  
broso brush  
broŝuro pamphlet, leaflet; paperback  
brovo eyebrow, brow  
brua noisy; resounding  
brui make a noise  
bruo a noise  
bruli burn, to be on fire  
bruligi to burn, set on fire  
bruna brown  
brusto chest, breast  
bruska brusk, brunt  
bruto brute; beast  
brutala brutal; violent  
buo buoy  
bubo brat, urchin; (cards) jack  
buĉi slaughter, butcher  
budo stall, stand; box, booth  
budĝeto budget  
bukedo bouquet  
buklo curl of hair  
buko buckle  
bulbo bulb  
bulko roll (bread), breakfast roll  
bulo lump, ball, clod  
bulteno bulletin  
bulvardo boulevard  
buldozo bulldozer  
buljono bouillon, broth  
burĝo burgess, burgher ?  
burĝono bud  
buso bus  
bumo boom (?)  
bunkro bunker  
bunta multi-colored, variegated  
burdo bumble-bee  
buŝo mouth  
buŝtuko napkinn  
buŝumo muzzle  
busto bust  
busprito bowsprit  
buŝelo bushel  
butero butter  
buterpano bread-and-butter  
butiko shop  
butikumi to go shopping  
butono button; stud; knob  
butumi to button up  
cedi yield; give way, succumb; cede, grant; submit  
cedro cedar  
cedrato citron  
celo goal; purpose; target; destination  
celi aim, direct at; intend to, make an attempt  
celerio celery  
celofano cellophane  
Celsiuso Celsius  
celsiusa centigrade  
cemento cement  
cendo cent  
cent hundreed  
centimetro centimeter  
centralo exchange; power station, generating statino  
centralizi centralize  
centrifuga centrifugal  
centro centre  
centra central  
samcentra concentric  
centripeta centripetal  
cenzuri censor  
cepo onion  
ceramiko ceramics, pottery  
cerbo brain  
cerbumi rack/use one's brain  
cerealo cereal  
cerebelo cerebellum  
ceremonio ceremony  
certa certain, sure  
certigi assure; ensure  
cervo stag, deer  
cervaĵo venison  
cetera remaining  
cetere besides, moreover  
cetero remainder, rest  
cerviko cervix  
cetaco cetacean  
cico nipple  
cicumo teat  
cifero figure, digit  
ciferplato clock-face, dial  
cidro cider  
cigaredo cigarette  
cigaro cigar  
cigno swan  
cikado cicada  
cikatro scar  
ciklo cycle  
ciklono cyclone  
cikonio stork  
cilindro cylinder; roller  
cinamo cinnamon  
cindro ash; cinder  
cirkelo pair of compasses; callipers  
cikorio chicory, succory  
cigano gypsy  
cimbalo cymbal  
cindrigi incinerate  
cindrujo ash-tray; ash-pan  
cinika shameless, brazen, obscene; cynical  
cinklo dipper  
cipreso cypress  
cirila cyrillic  
cirko circus  
cirklo circle  
cirkonstanco circumstance  
cirkulero circular  
cirkuli circulate  
cirkulado circulation; traffic  
cirkvito circuit  
ciro shoe-wax, polish  
citi to cite, quote  
citrono lemon  
civila civil  
civilizi to civilize  
civito city-state  
colo inch  
citruso citrus fruit  
citrolo pumpkin, gourd  
civitano citizen  
cizeli to chase? chisle?; emboss, tool  
cunamo tsunami, seismic wave  
ĉagreni annoy, chargrin, vex; afflict, distress  
ĉambro room; chamber  
ĉantaĝi blackmail  
ĉambelano chamberlain  
ĉamo chamois  
ĉapelo hat  
ĉapitro chapter  
ĉapo cap; beret; brimless headgear  
ĉar because, since, for  
ĉarma charming  
ĉarmi charm, attract, bewitch  
ĉarniro hinge  
ĉaro chariot; cart, trolley  
ĉareto hand-cart, barrow  
kromĉaro sidecar  
ĉarpenti to carpenter  
ĉarumo wheelbarrow  
ĉasi hunt; chase  
ĉasta chaste, pure, innocent  
ĉe at; by; in the case of, with?  
ĉeesti to be at  
ĉeko cheque  
ĉelo cell  
ĉelaro honey-comb  
ĉatnio chutney  
ĉarpio lint  
ĉasaĵo game (hunted)  
ĉasisto hunter  
ĉemizo shirt  
ĉeno chain  
ĉerizo cherry  
ĉerko coffin  
ĉerpi to draw; extract, gather  
elĉerpi bale out, exhaust  
ĉesi cease, desist, stop  
ĉevalo horse  
ĉi (denotes proximity)  
ĉia of every kind; all sorts of  
ĉial for every reason  
ĉiam always  
ĉiamdaǔra ever-lasting, permanent  
ĉiĉerono cicerone, tourist guide  
ĉie everywhere  
ĉiel in every way  
ĉielarko rainbow  
ĉielo sky  
ĉies everyones  
ĉifi crumple, crease  
ĉifono rag; scrap, shred  
ĉio everything  
ĉiom all of it, totally, the whole quantity  
ĉifro cipher, code  
ĉimpanzo chimpanzee  
ĉirkaǔ around, round, about  
ĉirkaǔaĵo surroundings, environment  
ĉirkaǔi to surround, encircle  
ĉirkaǔo lap; periphery  
ĉirpi to chirp  
ĉiu each, every  
ĉokolado chocolate  
ĉizi to chisel; carve  
ĉizilo chisel; graver  
ĉizojo shears, clippers  
ĉu whether; forms y/n questions  
da of (quantity/number of something)  
daktilo date (fruit); dactyl (?)  
daltonismo color-blindness  
damo king (draughts); queen (chess, cards); (lit) noble lady  
damludo draughts, checkers  
damaĝi to damage  
damaĝo a/the damage  
damni damn  
dampi damp, mute  
dano Dane  
dana Danish  
dando dandy, fop  
danci dance  
danĝero danger, peril  
danki to thank  
nedaankinde not at all, you're welcome  
dato datee  
dati to date ( a letter, etc )  
datreveno anniversary  
dativo dative case (?)  
daǔri last; continue (intr);  
daǔro duration  
daǔre continually; continuously;  
daǔrema durable  
daǔrigi to continue (tr.)  
dazipo armadillo  
de of; from; since; by  
ekde (ek de) since; from  
deveni originate, come from  
debeto debate  
decembro December  
debeto debit (account)  
debitoro debtor  
debuti make one's debut  
deci be fitting  
deca fitting, proper, seemly  
decidi decide, resolve  
decidiĝi come to a decision  
dediĉi dedicate; devote  
dedukti deduce  
defendi defend  
defetismo defeatism  
defii challenge  
defio a challenge  
deficito deficit  
defili march past  
definitiva definitive, definite  
degeli thaw (intr.); melt (intr.)  
degeneri degenerate  
degni (lit.) deign, condescend  
degradi downgrade, demote  
deĵori be on duty  
deka (the) tenth  
dekono (a) tenth  
dekumi decimate  
dekano dean  
deklari declare, state  
deklivo slope, gradient, incline; hillside  
dekanti decant, pour off  
deklami recite; declaim  
deklinacio (gram, astr.) declension; -i decline (tr.)  
dekor(aci)o decoration  
dekor(aci)i decorate  
dekreto decree  
dekstra right(hand)  
dekstruma clockwise, dextrorotatory  
delegi delegate  
delfeno dolphin  
delikata delicate; fine, dainty  
delikto (law) misdemeanour; -ulo: delinquent  
deliri be delirious  
delto delta  
demandi ask (a question)  
demando a question  
pridemandi interrogate; query  
demarkcio demarcation  
dementi repudiate  
demokratio democracy  
demokrato democrat  
demonstrativo (gram) demonstrative  
denove again  
densa dense; condensed, concentrated  
dento tooth; cog, prong, etc.  
dentrado cogwheel  
denuncie denounce; inform against  
dependi depend  
depeŝo dispatch  
deponi deposit  
deporti deport (alien)  
depreni ?  
deputi depute, deputize  
derivi derive (tr)  
derivaĵo derivative  
dermo derm, cutis, skin? haǔto?  
des so much the; (ju pli baldaǔ) des pli bone  
desegni draw, design  
desegnaĵo drawing; outline  
deserto dessert  
destini to destine; earmark, assign; dispose, ordain  
destino intended purpose; destiny  
desinfekti disinfect  
detektivo detective  
detalo detail; (retail?)  
deteni check, detain, hold back, curb, keep (stop) from  
determini determine, ascertain precisely (a question, dispute, etc)  
detrui destroy  
deveno origin, source, derivation  
devi must, have to, be obliged to  
devo duty  
devigi compel  
deviga compulsory, obligatory  
devontigi obligate  
dezerto desert (environment, land)  
deziri wish, desire, want  
diablo devil  
diabeto diabetes  
diagnozo diagnosis  
diagonalo diagonal  
dialogo dialogue  
dialogi converse  
dianto carnation, pink, dianthus  
dieto diet  
diareo diarrhoea  
diboĉi live loosely, revel  
diboĉo debauchery  
diboĉigi corrupt, debauch  
difekti spoil, impair; damage  
diferenci differ, be different  
diferencigi differentiate  
diferenco difference, contrast, (disagreement, discrepancy)  
difini define  
difina definate  
digesti digest  
digo dike; embankment  
digi dam up, embank  
digno dignity, self-respect  
dika think; stout, fat; bold (type)  
dikfingro thumb  
dikti dictate  
dilati dilate, expand (tr.)  
diligenta diligent, hard-working  
dilemo dilemma  
dilui dilute (tr.)  
diluvo deluge, flood  
dimanĉo Sunday  
dimensio dimension  
diminutivo deminutive (gram)  
dio diety  
dinamito dynamite  
dinastio dynasty  
dinosaǔro dinosaur  
diplomo diploma  
diplomita certificated, graduate  
diodo diode (elec.)  
diplomato diplomat  
diplomatio diplomacy  
direkto direction  
directi direct; manage; steer  
direktoro director, manager  
diri say; tell  
antaǔdiri predict  
kontraǔdiri object; contradict  
laǔdira alleged; so-called  
onidiro rumour; hear-say  
supredirita above-mentioned  
memkontraǔdira inconsistent, (self)-contradictory  
disko disc; discus; dial (of telephone)  
diski to dial (a telephone)  
dis- (prefix denoting separation, dispersal) dis-, apart  
disdoni distribute, give out  
disa separate, scattered  
disigi separate (tr.)  
nedisigebla indissoluble, inseparable  
disciplino discipline, rules for conduct  
disciplini to discipline, bring under control, train to obedience.  
diskonti discount (fin.)  
diskuti discuss  
disponi have at one's disposal, have available  
disputi dispute (intr.), argue  
dispozicio disposition; aptitude  
distanco distance  
distili distil  
distingi distinguish  
distinga distinct; distinctive  
distri entertain, divert; distract  
distraĵo amusement, divertissement  
distribui distribute  
distrikto district (admin. area)  
diurno day (24-hour period)  
diveni guess, guess right  
diversa varied  
diversaj various, sundry  
dividi divide (tr.); share  
dizelo diesel (engine)  
dividendo divindend  
do therefore, so, then  
dogano customs  
dogmo dogma  
doko dock(yard); (dock-)warehouse  
doktoro doctor (law, science, med.)  
doktrino doctrine  
dokumento document; (title-)deed, warrent, certificate  
dolĉa sweet; soft, gentle, tender  
doloro pain  
domaĝi begrudge; not want to spoil; think a pity  
domaĝo a pity  
domo house; building; household  
domomastrino housewife  
domeno domino (game)  
donaco present, gift  
doni to give; impart, confer  
aldoni add  
aldono supplement, addition  
eldoni publish, issue (tr.)  
eldono edition  
sindonema devoted  
transdoni hand over; transfer  
dorloti pamper, pet; cherish ( a hope, etc.)  
dormi sleep  
dorno thorn, spine, prickle  
dorso back  
doto dowry  
dozeno dozen (dekduo)  
dosiero dossier, file  
dozo dose  
dozi proportion, measure out (a dose)  
drako dragon; kite(?)  
drakona draconian, cruelly severe  
dragi dredge; drag (river, etc)  
dramo drama, stage play  
drapo (woolen) cloth  
drasta drastic  
draŝi thresh; thrash  
draŝilo flail  
drato wire  
dreni drain (tr.)  
drenilo drain(pipe)  
dresi train, tame (animals)  
drilo (hand-)drill  
drinki drink to excess, booze  
drivi drift  
drogo drug, pharmaceutical  
dromedaro dromedary  
droni drown (intr), be drowned; sink (boat)  
du two  
dua second  
duobla double  
duono half  
duon- half-, semi-  
duonhoro half-hour  
dudek twenty  
disduigi cut in two  
dulingva bilingual  
duala dual  
dubi doubt  
duelo duel  
duko duke  
dukto duct  
dum (prepn) during; (conj) while  
dume meanwhile; provisionally  
duno dune  
dungi engage (employee), hire (labour)  
dunganto employer  
dungito employee  
maldungi discharge, sack  
duŝo a shower  
duŝi sin take a shower  
duplikato a duplicate  
ebena even, level; smooth  
ebeno (geom) plane  
ebenaĵo plain  
ebla possible  
eble perhaps, maybe  
eblas it is possible  
eblo/ebleco possibility  
ebono ebony  
ebria drunk  
ebriigi intoxicate  
eburo ivory  
eco quality, property  
(adv.) even  
edifi edify  
edikto edict  
edro (geom) face  
kvaredro tetrahedron  
eduki educate, bring up, rear  
edzo husband  
edzino wife  
edziĝo wedding  
efektiva actual  
efektive in fact  
efekto effect, impression produced  
efekta showy  
efemera ephemeral, transitory  
efemero mayfly  
efiki have effect; avail, be efficacious  
efiko an/the effect  
eferveski effervesce  
ege extremely  
egea Aegean  
egido aegis; protection  
egipto egyptian  
egala equal  
egoisto egotist  
eĝo (geom) edge; crest  
eĥo echo  
ejo place, locale  
ekiri set off  
ekvidi glimpse  
eki start (intr)  
ekipi equip, fit out  
ekipajo equipment  
eklektika eclectic  
eklezio church (body);  
eklezia ecclesiastic(al)  
eklipso eclipse  
ekliptiko ecliptic  
ekologio ecology  
ekologo ecologist  
ekonomio economy  
ekonomiko economics  
ekrano screen  
eksiĝi resign  
eksciti to excite  
ekskluziva exclusive  
ekskludi to exclude  
eksceso excess  
ekskrementoj excrement  
ekskurso excursion, outing  
ekspedi dispatch, forward  
eksperimento experiment  
ekskrecii excrete  
eksplodi explode (intr)  
ekspluati to exploit  
eksporti to export  
ekspozicio exhibition  
ekpreso express (train, messenger)  
ekstazo ecstasy  
ekster (prepn) outside; besides  
ekstera exterior, external  
ekstra extra, (?)  
exstermi exterminate  
ekstrema extreme  
exstrakti to extract  
exstrapoli to extrapolate  
ekvatoro equator  
ekvacio equation  
ekvilibro equilibrium, balance  
ekvilibri balance (intr)  
ekzakta (math) exact  
ekzameni to examine  
ekzekuti execute (a judgement, a crimnal) (?)  
ekvinokso equinox  
ekvivalenta equivalent  
ekzemplero copy (of book, etc)  
ekzemplo example  
ekzemple for example  
ekzempli exemplify, be an instance of  
ekzerci to exercise  
ekzerci sin to practice, exercise  
ekzisti to exist, to be  
ekzorci exorcise  
ekzotika exotic  
el (prepn) out of; from; (made) of;  
eliri leave, go out  
elĉerpi exhaust, use up  
elasta elastic  
elefanto elephant  
eleganta elegant, stylish  
elegio elegy  
elekti choose; elect  
elektema discerning; fastidious  
elektro electricity  
elektroniko electronics  
elemento element  
elipso elipse  
elparolo speak out (clearly), enunciate  
elstari stand out, stick out  
elteni endure, hold out against  
elturniĝi extricate oneself from, get out of, evade  
elvoki call forth (out), evoke  
elevatoro (grain) elevator; hoist  
elimini eliminate (?)  
emo inclination  
emi be inclined  
emajlo enamel  
emani emanate  
emancipi emancipate (to free)  
embaraso embarrassment; difficulty; perplexity  
embarasi embarrass; put in a difficult position; perplex  
embargi embargo  
emblemo emblem; suit (cards)  
embusko an ambush  
embuski to ambush  
emerito retired person, pensioner  
emerituro retirement pension  
emfazo emphasis  
emfazi to emphasize, stress  
eminenta eminent, distinguished  
emocio emotion  
emocii to move, stir (the feelings)  
empenerono (aero) elevator  
empeno empennage, tail unit (of aircraft)  
empirio rule-of-thumb  
empiria empirical  
emuo emu  
emulsio emulsion  
en (prepn) in; at; (w/ accus.) into  
enigi insert  
enmeti put in, enclose  
endi be compulsory  
endokrina endocrine  
energio energy  
enhavo contents  
enigmo enigma, puzzle, riddle  
enketi investigate  
enketo inquiry, investigation, survey  
enmiksiĝi to mix in (?)  
ensemblo ensemble; suite; (math) set  
ento entity  
entjero integer  
entjera integral; digital  
entreo entree  
entrepreni to undertake  
enui be bored, feel dull  
enverguro wingspan  
envii to envy  
eono aeon  
epidemio epedemic  
epoko epoch, age, period  
epiteto epithet  
epizodo episode  
ero element, particle  
erari make a mistake, be wrong; err  
eraro an error, mistake  
erco ore (?)  
escepti except, exclude  
erozio erosion  
erozii erode (tr)  
erodi wear down, grind down  
erotika erotica  
esenco essence  
eseo essay  
escepte de with the exception of  
eskalo ladder  
eskalado escalation (elevate?)  
eskapi to escape  
esperi to hope  
esplori investigate, study; explore  
esplor(ado)o research, investigation; exploration  
esprimi express  
establi establish  
esti be  
estigi bring about  
estonteco the future  
estimi esteem, think highly of  
estingi extinguish, put out (fire, light)  
estro leader, head  
estri be in charge (of)  
etaĝo floor, storey  
etapo stage (in a journey), step (in a process)  
etato statement, returns; (pay)-roll  
etendi spread, extend (tr)  
eterna eternal  
etikedo label  
etiketo etiquette  
etoso atmosphere  
etudo etude, study, sketch  
etna ethnic  
eǔfemismo euphemism  
evento event  
eventuala any (that may occur); contingent  
eventualo eventuality  
eventuale if need be, if the case should arise  
evidenta obvious, evident  
eviti avoid; evade  
evolui develop (intr); evolve (intr)  
evolucio evolution  
ezofago esophagus, gullet (?)  
ezoko pike (fish?), jack (??)  
fabo bean  
fabelo fairy-tale, story  
fablo fable  
fabriko factory  
fabriki manufacture  
facila easy; light; gentle  
faco (tech) face  
faceto facet  
fadeno thread  
fago beech (? tree?)  
fajenco china, faience, earthenware; crockery  
fagoto bassoon  
fajfi whistle  
fajli file (tool)  
fajro fire  
fajri be on fire  
fajrilo lighter  
fako compartment, pigeon-hole; branch, specialization, department; square (of chessboard)  
faksi fax (?)  
faksimilo facsimile  
fakto fact  
fakturo invoice  
faktoro factor  
fakultato faculty (university)  
fali fall; drop (intr)  
falĉi mow, cut (grass, etc)  
faldi fold (up) (tr.)  
faldumi pleat  
falko falcon  
falsa false; spurious  
falsi falsify; counterfeit, forge, fake  
falto wrinkle  
famo rumour, hearsay; fame  
fama famous (?)  
familiara familiar, informal, colloquial  
familio family  
fandi melt (tr)  
fandaĵo fuse  
fandiĝi melt (intr)  
fanfaroni boast, brag  
fantazio fantasy  
fanto knave, jack (cards)  
fantomo ghost, phantom  
farbo paint, color  
fari make; do  
fariĝi arise; become  
farmi take on lease; farm  
farmbieno farm (?)  
faraono pharaoh; faro  
farmacio pharmacy, dispensary  
farso farcee  
farti fare  
faruno flour, meal  
fasado facade  
fascini fascinate  
fasko bundle, sheaf  
fasono cut (of clothes)  
fasti fast  
faŝismo fascism  
faŝisto fascist  
fatala fateful, disastrous  
fatraso junk  
faǔko jaws, mouth (of wild animal, tunnel)  
faǔki yawn, gape  
favora favourable; advantageous  
fazo phase  
fazeolo kidney-bean  
feo spirit  
feino fairy  
ferakonto fairy story  
febro fever  
februaro February  
feĉo dregs, lees; sludge  
federi federate (tr)  
feder(aci)o federation  
feki defecate  
fekunda fertile  
felo hide, skin (of animal)  
feliĉa happy; fortunate  
felto felt  
femuro thigh  
fendi to split (tr.)  
fendo crack, fissure  
fenestro window  
fenomeno phenomenon  
ferdeko deck (of ship)  
ferio holiday  
ferioj holidays; vacation  
ferli furl  
fermenti ferment (intr), rise  
fermi close (tr), shut (tr)  
fermiĝi to be closed  
fero iron  
fervojo railway, railroad  
fervora fervour, zeal  
fervori be keen, be fervent  
festeni banquet, feast  
festi celebrate  
festo feast, festivity; party  
fi! shame!  
fia shameful, disgusting  
firakonto dirty story  
fifama of ill repute  
fianĉo fiance'  
fianĉ(in)iĝi to get engaged  
fiasko fiasco  
fiaski fail (intr)  
fibro fibre  
fidela faithful  
fidi trust; rely on  
fidinda reliable  
memfida confident, assured  
fiera proud  
fieri (pri) be proud (of)  
figo fig  
figuro figure (form; image; diagram)  
figuri depict, represent  
fikcio fiction  
fiksa fixed  
fiksi fix (make fast; determine;)  
filmo film  
filo son  
filtri to filter (tr)  
filtrilo a filter  
filozofio philosophy  
financo finance  
fingro finger  
fini finish (tr), end (tr)  
finiĝi to end (intr)  
fina final  
fine at last  
finfine at long last  
fino end  
finita finished; finite  
finto feint  
finti feint  
firma firm  
firm(a)o (business) firm  
fiŝo fish  
fiziko physics  
flago flag  
flagi to deck with flags  
flagri flare, flare up  
flamo a flame  
flanko side  
flari smell (tr)  
elflari nose out, sniff, smell (intr?)  
flati flattery  
flaǔro (botony) flora  
flava yellow  
flegi to nurse (in sickness)  
fleksi bend (tr)  
fleso flounder (fish)  
fliki patch, mend  
flirti flutter; stream; flit; flirt  
floko flake (of snow, soap, oats), flock (of wool)  
floro flower  
florbrasiko cauliflower  
floso raft  
flosi float (intr)  
flugi to fly  
flui flow, run  
flua fluent  
defluilo gutter  
fluido fluid  
fluktui fluctuate  
fluso flood-tide, flow  
malfluso ebb(-tide)  
flustri whisper  
fluto flute  
foceno porpoise  
foiro fair, market; trade fair  
fojno hay  
fojo time, occasion  
foje once; sometimes;  
refoje again  
unufoje once (only)  
unuafoje for the first time  
fokstroto foxtrot  
fokuso focus (?)  
foko seal (animal)  
folio leaf; sheet (of paper)  
foliumi leaf through, thumb through  
fondi found  
fono background  
fonografo phonograph (with cylinders)  
fonduso fund (?)  
fontano fountain  
fonto spring; source  
for (adverb) away, off  
fora distant  
foresti be absent  
forgesi forget  
forĝi forge (metal, etc)  
forko fork  
formala formal  
formiko ant  
formo form, shape  
unuformeco uniformity  
misformi deform  
reformi reform  
formulo formula  
forno furnace, boiler; kiln  
forpreni take away  
forta strong  
forto force, strength, might  
perforto violence  
perforti violate  
fortika robust, sturdy  
fosi dig  
fosaĵo hole, pit; ditch  
fosilio fossil  
fosto post, prop, upright support  
fotelo (theat) stall; arm-chair (?)  
foto photo  
fotografi to photograph (foti ankaǔ?)  
fotokopio photocopy  
frago strawberry  
fragmento fragment  
frakasi shatter, smash  
frako dress-coat, full dress  
frakcio fraction  
frajto freight  
frambo raspberry  
frandi relish (a delicacy)  
framo frame (skeleton)  
franĝo fringe  
frapi strike, hit; knock (at door); tap  
frato brother  
fraǔdi defraud, swindle  
fraǔlo bachelor  
frazo phrase  
fremda foreign, strange  
fresko fresco  
freneza mad, inisane  
freŝa fresh  
fripono rascal, rogue, crook  
friti fry (tr)  
frizi curl (hair) (tr)  
fromaĝo cheese  
fronto frontage  
fronti to face  
frosto frost  
froti rub  
frua early  
frukto fruit  
frunto forehead  
fuĝi flee, run away  
fulgo soot  
fulmo lightning  
fulmotondro thunderstorm  
fumaĵi smoke(-cure) (fish, etc)  
fumi to smoke  
fumo smoke  
fundamento foundation(s)  
fundo bottom  
funebro mourning  
funelo funnel  
fungo mushroom; fungus  
funkcio function  
funto pound (of weight)  
furaĝo fodder; forage  
furioza furious  
furoro vogue, craze  
fuŝi bungle, mess up, botch  
futo foot (12 inches)  
futbalo football (game)  
futuro (lit, gram) funture  
fuzi fuse, fizz, burn slowly  
fuzeo fuse (explosive)  
fusto shaft (of column, spear), stock (of rifle)  
gaja cheerful, happy (gay)  
gajni win; gain  
galo bile, gall  
galaksio galaxy  
galerio gallery  
galoŝo galosh, overshoe  
ganto glove  
garaĝo garage (car, etc); dock (boat)  
garantii guarantee  
garantiulo hostage (?)  
garbo sheaf (of corn etc.)  
gardi guard; keep  
singardi take care  
gardostari stand guard  
gargari gargle; rinse  
garni fit out; garnish, trim  
gaso gas  
gasto guest  
gasti receive hospitality, stay (with someone)  
gastejo hostel  
gazo gauze  
gazeto magazine, periodical, gazette  
gazetaro press (?)  
gelateno gelatine  
generacio generation  
generalo general  
generi beget; generate  
genera genital (?)  
generatoro generator  
regeneri regenerate  
genetiko genetics  
genio genius (mental power, etc)  
geniulo genius (person)  
genitivo genitive (case)  
gento ethnic group, race, people, kin  
genuo knee  
geografio geography  
geometrio geometry  
gepardo cheetah  
gerilo guerilla war  
gerilisto guerilla  
gesti gesture  
giĉeto ticket-window, box-office, hatch  
giganto giant  
gildo guild  
gimnastiko gymnastics  
gimnazio grammar-school, high-school  
girlando garland (?)  
giri gyrate  
gisi cast, found (iron)  
gisfero cast iron  
gitaro guitar  
glacio ice  
glacimonto iceberg  
glaciŝranko ice-box (?), refrigerator (?)  
gladi iron (clothes)  
gladiatoro gladiator  
glando gland  
glaso glass, tumbler  
glata smooth  
glavo sword  
gliti slide (intr); slip (intr)  
glitkuri to skate  
glitŝuo a skate  
glitveturilo sleigh  
globo globe; ball  
globeto marble  
gloro glory  
gluo glue  
glui stick (tr), glue  
gluti swallow  
engluti engulf  
gluteo buttock, rump  
golfo gulf, bay  
gorĝo throat  
gongo gong  
gorilo gorilla  
gracia graceful  
grado degree; grade  
grajno grain (of corn, etc)  
graki caw, croak  
gramatiko grammar  
gramo gram (weight)  
granda big, large; great  
grando size (?)  
grandioza magnificent, splendid  
granito granite  
grapfrukto grapefruit  
graso fat; grease  
grati scratch  
gratifiko gratuity  
gratuli congratulate  
grava important, serious  
graveda pregnant  
grego flock, herd  
gravuri engrave  
grejso sandstone  
greko/a Greek  
greno corn, grain, cereals  
grilo cricket (insect)  
grimaci grimace (make face)  
grimpi climb (intr)  
grinci creak, grate, grind  
gripo influenza, flu  
griza grey  
groto grotto, cave  
groco gross (12 dozen)  
grumbli grumble  
grundo soil, earth  
gruo crane (?)  
grupo group  
gudro tar (?)  
gumo gum; eraser  
gusto taste; flavor  
gustumi to taste (something)  
gusti taste (of, like)  
gustigi to flavor, season  
guŝo pod, husk  
guto a drop  
guti to drip  
gvardio guard (corps)  
gvati watch for, spy on; keep watch  
gvatsekvi tail, shadow (someone)  
gvidi guide, show the way, lead  
ĝangalo jungle  
ĝardeno garden  
ĝemelo twin  
ĝemi groan, moan  
ĝendarmo gendarme, constable (?)  
ĝenerala general  
ĝeni inconvenience, disturb; hamper  
sinĝena shy, embarrassed  
ĝentila polite, courteous  
ĝermo germ (?)  
ĝi it (pronoun)  
ĝermana Germanic  
ĝibo hunch(ed back), hump  
ĝirafo giraffe  
ĝis (prepn, conj) till, until  
ĝis revido goodbye  
ĝoji be glad, rejoice  
ĝui enjoy  
ĝusta right, correct; exact  
ĝuste just, precisely  
hajlo hail (weather)  
haki chop, hew  
hakilo axe  
halo hall; covered market (?)  
halti stop (intr), halt  
haltero dumb-bell (?)  
halukso big toe (?)  
hamako hammock  
hamstro hamster  
handikapo handicap  
hangaro hangar  
hanti haunt  
haringo herring (fish)  
harmonio harmony  
haro a hair  
haroj hair(s)  
harpo harp  
hasti hurry, haste(n)  
haǔli haul, tow  
haǔto skin  
haveno harbor  
havi to have  
havigi procure, get  
enhavo content(s)  
havebla available  
hazardo chance, accident  
hazarda fortuitous; random  
hebreo Hebrew  
hedero ivy  
heĝo hedge  
hejmo home  
hejme at home  
hejti to heat; stoke  
hejtaĵo fuel  
hektaro hectare (2.5 acres)  
hela bright, clear; light (colored)  
helico helix; propeller, screw  
heliko snail  
helikoptero helicopter  
helpi help  
hemisfero hemisphere  
hepato liver  
herbo grass; herb, plant  
heredi inherit  
heredigi leave (?)  
heroldo herald  
heroo hero  
heziti hesitate  
hieraǔ yesterday  
antaǔhieraǔ the day before yesterday  
higieno hygiene  
hidrogeno hydrogen  
hierarkio hierarchy  
himno hymn; anthem  
hirundo swallow (bird)  
historio history; story  
hispana Spanish  
hipotezo hypothesis  
hobio hobby  
hodiaǔ today  
hoko hook  
homo human being  
homonimo homonym  
honesta honest  
honoro honor  
honti be ashamed  
horaro time-table  
hordeo barley  
horizontala horizontal  
horizonto horizon  
horloĝo clock; watch  
horo hour; time (of day)  
hospitalo hospital  
hotelo hotel  
hufo hoof  
humana humane  
humida humid, damp, moist  
humila humble  
humoro temper, mood, humor  
hundo dog  
ĥaoso chaos  
ĥemio chemistry  
ĥoro choir, chorus  
ia some kind of; any sort of  
iafoje sometimes  
ial for some reason  
iam once; sometime (in future); ever  
iama sometime, erstwhile  
ido son, descendant, young  
idaro offspring, issue  
idealo ideal  
identa identical  
identigi identify (tr)  
ideo idea  
idiomo tongue, language (?)  
idioto idiot, imbecile  
idiotismo idiom  
ie somewhere  
iel somehow  
ies someone's  
igi make, render, cause  
ignori ignore  
iĝi become, get  
ili (pronoun) they  
ilia their  
ilo instrument, means  
ilustri illustrate  
iluzio illusion  
iluzii delude  
imagi imagine  
imiti imitate  
imperio empire  
imperiestro emperor  
imperativo imperative  
imperfekto imperfect (tense)  
imperialo outside, top(-deck) (of vehicle) (?)  
impertinenta impertinent  
impeti leap, spring, shoot forward  
implici imply  
impliki entangle; implicate  
imponi impress, be striking  
impona imposing  
importi import  
imposto tax  
impreso impression (mental; photo)  
impresi impress, make impression on  
improvizi improvise  
impulso impulse; impetus  
imuna immune; proof (against)  
ino a female  
ina female, feminine  
inciti irritate; excite; incite  
inciteti tease  
incenso incense  
inda worthy  
indexo an index  
indiferenta indefferent; immaterial  
indigni be indignant  
indiĝeno a native  
indiki indicate  
indikativo indicative (mood)  
individuo individual  
indukti infer; (elec) induce  
indulgi be lenient with, spare  
industrio industry  
infano child  
infekti infect (?)  
infero hell  
infesti to infest  
infinito infinity  
infinitezima infinitesimal  
infinitivo infinitive  
inflacio inflation (fin.)  
influi influence  
informi to inform  
informo information  
informado publicity  
ingo socket, holder  
ingredienco ingredient (?)  
inĝenia ingenious  
inĝeniero engineer  
inhali inhale  
iniciati initiate (something), start  
iniciativo initiative  
injekti inject  
inklina disposed, inclined (to)  
inkluziva inclusive  
inkludi include (?)  
inkluzivi include (?)  
inko ink  
inkognito incognito (disguise)  
insekto insect  
insidi lay a snare for  
insido a snare  
insigno badge  
insignoj insignia  
insisti insist  
inspekti inspect  
inspektoro inspector  
inspiri inspire (?)  
instali install  
instanco (compentant) authority, body; (law) court, instance (?)  
instigi prompt, urge, impel  
instinkto instinct  
instrui teach, instruct  
instrukcio directions, instructions  
instrumento instrument  
instituto institute  
institucio an institution  
insulo island  
duoninsulo peninsula  
insulti revile; insult  
intelekto intellect  
inteligenta intelligent  
intenci intend  
intence on purpose  
inter (prepn) between; among  
interspaco interval (space)  
intertempo interval (time)  
interalie among other things (?)  
interesi interest (tr)  
interesa interesting  
interesiĝi be interested  
intereso an interest (?)  
interna internal, interior, inside  
internacia international  
interpelacii (?)  
interpreti interpret  
interrompi interrupt  
interveni (?)  
intervjui (journalistic) to interview  
intesto intestine  
intima intimate  
intrigi intrigue; plot (of play, etc)  
inundi flood  
invalido disabled person  
inventi invent  
inventaro inventory; stock-list  
inversa inverse; contrary; reverse  
inverse vice versa  
inviti invite  
investi to invest (?)  
io something; anything  
iom a bit; some; a little, rather  
iomete a tiny bit  
iri go  
aliri approach  
antaǔeniri advance  
ĉirkaǔiri go (a)round  
deirpunkto starting-point  
ekiri set off, start off  
eliri go out  
eniri enter  
foriri depart  
reiri return  
transiri cross  
irigacio irrigation  
ironio irony  
iu (pronoun) someone; (adj.) a certain, some, any  
izoli isolate; insulate  
ja (emphatic particle) indeed  
jako jacket  
jam (adverb) already; by now  
jam ne no longer  
januaro January  
jaro year  
ĉiujara annual  
kiomjara how old  
je (indefinate prepn)  
jen look! here is/ar; there is/are  
jen ... jen sometimes ... sometimes ...  
jena following (?)  
jes yes  
jogo yoga  
jeto jet (plane)  
jono ion  
ju ... des ... the ... the ...  
jubileo jubilee  
judo Jew  
jugo yoke  
juglando walnut (?)  
juĝi to judge  
antaǔjuĝo prejudice  
juki itch  
julio July  
juna young  
jungi harness (?)  
junio June  
jupo skirt  
junto joint(ing), join (?)  
juro law (legal system)  
justa just, fair, equitable  
juvelo jewel  
ĵaluza jealous  
ĵaǔdo Thursday  
ĵargono jargon  
ĵeti throw  
ĵetaĵo projectile  
ĵetkuboj dice  
ĵetono token (?)  
ĵongli juggle  
ĵuri swear, take an oath  
ĵurio jury  
ĵurnalo newspaper  
ĵus (adverb) just, just now (a moment ago)  
kabano hut, shanty, shack  
kabineto study, office  
kablo cable  
kaco cock, penis  
kaĉo mush, porridge; puree; mess  
kadavro corpse, carcase  
kadenco cadence  
kadro frame, framework; cadre  
kaduka ramshackle, decrepit, dilapidated, shaky; (law) void, lapsed  
kafo coffee  
kafejo cafe'  
kafeino caffeine  
kaĝo cage  
kahelo (flooring, etc) tile, flagstone  
kaj (conj) and  
kaj...kaj... both ... and ...  
kajero exercise-book; fascicule (?)  
kajo quay; platform  
kajuto cabin (of ship or plane)  
kakao cocoa  
kakto cactus  
kalo callus, corn  
kalcio calcium  
kaldrono cauldron; boiler  
kalendaro calendar; diary  
kalemburo pun (?)  
kalfatri caulk  
kalisten(ik)o callisthenics  
kalkano heel (of foot)  
kalkanumo heel (of shoe)  
kalko lime (?)  
kalkuli calculate, reckon; count  
kalmaro squid  
kalsono underpants, trunks, shorts, briefs; knickers  
kalumnii slander, libel, malign  
kalva bald (?)  
kamarado comrade; mate, pal  
kamelo camel  
kameno fireplace, hearth  
kamenbreto mantelpiece  
kamentubo chimney  
kamero small dark room; chamber (engine, etc); cavity; cine-camera (?)  
kamiono lorry, truck  
kamioneto (delivery-)van  
kamizolo jerkin, doublet; comisole (?)  
kampo field  
kamparo country(side)  
kano cane; reed  
kanalo canal; channel  
kancero cancer; canker  
kanajlo scoundrel, rogue  
kandelo candle  
kandidato candidate  
kanguruo kangaroo  
kankro crayfish; Cancer (zodiac)  
kanono cannon (gun); canon (law; music) (?)  
kanti sing  
kanto song; canto (?)  
kanzono song, ballad; canzone (?)  
kapabla able, capable  
kapitalo capital (funds)  
kapitano captain  
kapo head  
kaprica whim, caprice  
kapjesi nod  
kapkuseno pillow  
kapnei shake one's head  
transkapiĝo somersault  
kaperi (?)  
kapro goat  
kapti catch, capture  
kapuĉo hood, cowl  
kara dear  
karul(in)o darling  
karabo ground-beetle  
karafo carafe; decanter  
karaktero character (personality)  
karakterizi characterize  
karbo coal  
karapaco carapace, shell  
karburi carburate; vaporize (fuel)  
karcero prison cell; lock-up  
kardo thistle  
karesi fondle, stroke, caress  
karnavalo carnival  
kargo cargo, freight (?)  
karno flesh  
kariero career  
karitato charity (virtue) (?)  
karoo diamonds (at cards) (?)  
karoto carrot  
karpo carp (fish) (?)  
karto card  
kartoteko cardindex  
kartono cardboard, pasteboard  
kasedo/kaseto cassette  
kaserolo saucepan, stewpan  
kaskedo (peaked) cap (?)  
kasko helmet  
kaso till; cash-box; fund  
kasisto treasurer; cashier  
kastelo castle  
kaŝi hide (tr), conceal  
kaŝe in secret  
kaŝludi play hide-and-seek  
malkaŝi reveal  
kaŝtano chestnut (?)  
kato cat  
katalogo catalog  
kataro catarrh (?)  
katastrofo catastrophe, disaster  
kategorio category  
kateno fetter, shackle  
kaǔĉuko rubber  
katuno cotton (fabric)  
kaǔzo cause  
kaverno cave, cavern  
kavo cavity, hollow  
kazo case (gram; med; law; instance)  
ke (subordinating conj) that  
kejlo peg, plug; spigot (?)  
kelka some  
kelkaj some, a few  
kelnero waiter  
kelonio turtle  
kepro twill (material)  
kero hearts (at cards) (?)  
kelo cellar  
kemio chemistry  
kerno core, kernel; nucleus  
kesto chest, (largish) box  
kia (relative and interrogative adj) what kind (of), what (a)  
kial why  
kialo reason, motive  
kiam when  
kie where  
kien where (to)  
kiel how; as, like  
kies whose; of which  
kilogramo kilogram  
kilometro kilometer  
kino cinema, films, movies  
kinejo cinema, theatre  
kio (rel. and interrogative pronoun) what  
kiom how much; how many  
kioma (?)  
kirli stir (tr); whirl  
kirlakvo whirlpool  
kirurgio surgery (science)  
kirurgo surgeon  
kisi kiss  
kitelo overall, smock  
kiu (rel. and interog. pronoun and adj.) who; which (one); that (rel. pronoun)  
klaĉi gossip  
klaki clatter; click  
klapo flap; valve  
klara clear, plain  
klarigi clarify; explain  
klasika classic; classical  
klaso class  
klasif(ik)i classify; marshal (?)  
klavaro keys (on keyboard, piano, etc)  
klavo key (of keyboard, piano, etc)  
klera cultured, educated  
kleriko cleric, clergyman  
kliento client; customer  
klimato climate  
klifo cliff (?)  
klingo blade  
klini tilt, incline (tr)  
kliniko clinic  
klipo clip, clasp  
klinko latch (of door)  
klivi cleave, split (stones, etc) (tr)  
klopodi take steps (to), endeavour, set about  
klubo club (society)  
kluĉi couple, engage  
kluĉilo clutch  
knabo boy  
knabino girl  
knali bang, explode, burst, detonate (intr) (?)  
knedi knead  
koito coitus, sexual intercourse  
kojno a wedge, chock  
koketa coquettish  
koko cok, rooster  
kokino hen  
kokoso coconut  
kokso hip  
kolbaso sausage  
kolegio colleg  
kolego colleague; fellow(?)  
kolektiva collective  
kolekti collect (tr); gather (tr)  
koleri be angry (with)  
kolizii collide  
kolo neck  
kolombo pigeon, dove  
kolonelo colonel (mil?) (?)  
kolono column, pillar  
koloro color  
kolumno column (of type, soldiers, etc)  
kolumo collar  
komo comma  
komandi (be in) command  
kombi comb (as in hair)  
kombini combine (tr)  
komedio comedy  
komenci begin (tr)  
komenca initial  
komenciĝi begin (intr)  
komenti comment  
komerci trade, do business  
komforta comfortable  
komika comic(al)  
komisaro commissar (?)  
komisii commission, entrust (with a task)  
komisiono commission, subcommittee (?)  
komitato committee (?)  
komizo (shop) assistant; clerk  
komodo chest of drawers (?)  
kompakta compact  
kompanio company (?)  
kompari compare (tr)  
kompaso compass  
kompati pity; have compassion on  
kompensi compensate  
kompetenta competent  
komplemento complement  
kompleta complete  
komplezi oblige  
kompliki complicate  
komplimento compliment (?)  
komponi (music) compose  
komposti set (type)  
kompreni understand  
kompreneble of course  
kompromiti compromise, jeopardize  
komputi compute; meter  
komputero computer  
komuna common  
komuniki communicate  
komunumo community; commune  
koni know (be well acquainted with)  
konato acquaintance  
nekonata unknown, strage  
rekoni recognize  
koncentri concentrate (tr)  
koncepto concept  
koncepti conceive (mentally)  
koncerni concern  
koncerna in question  
koncerto concert  
koncesii concede  
konciza concise  
kondamni condemn; find guilty  
kondiĉo condition  
kondiĉi stipulate; condition  
kondolenco condolence(s)  
konduki lead; bring; drive (vehicle)  
enkonduki introduce  
konduti behave (well or badly)  
konekti connect (up) (tr); plug in (a connection)  
konferenco conference (?)  
konfesi confess  
konfidenco confidence (secret)  
konfidi entrust, confide; have confidence (in)  
konfirmi confirm, corroborate  
konfiti preserve (fruit etc)  
konforma according (to); well-fitting  
konfuzi confuse  
kongreso congress, convention  
kongrui be congruent; coincide  
konjekti conjecture, make guesses  
konkludi conclude, infer  
konko shell (of snail, oyster, etc)  
konkordo concord (?)  
konkava concave  
konkeri conquer  
konkreta concrete (not abstract)  
konkuri compete, rival  
konkurso contest, competition  
konscienco conscience  
konscii be conscious; be aware (of; that)  
konsekvenco consequence; consistency (?)  
konsenti agree, consent  
konservi keep; preserve  
konsideri consider (?)  
konsili advise  
konsisti consist  
konsisto composition  
konsoli console, comfort  
konsonanto consonant  
konstanta constant; permanent; standing  
konstati establish, ascertain (a fact); realize; take note  
konsterni appal; disconcert  
konstelacio constellation  
konstitucio constitution (?)  
konstipi constipate  
konstrui build, construct  
konsulo consul (?)  
konsulti consult (?)  
konsumi consume; use up  
konto (fin.) account  
kontaĝi communicate (a contagious disease)  
kontaĝo contagion  
kontakto contact, connection, touch  
kontakti have contact, have connection, to be it touch with thing.  
fuŝkontakto short-circuit  
kontanta ready (money), cash (?)  
kontenta satisfied, pleased, content  
kontesti contest (point, rights); question; debate  
kontinento continent  
kontinua continuous  
kontrabandi smuggle  
kontrakti (enter into a) contract  
kontrasto contrast  
kontraǔ (prepn) against; opposite  
kontraǔi be opposed (to)  
kontraǔulo adversary  
kontraǔstari withstand, oppose  
kontribui contribute  
kontroli check; audit, examine; supervise; verify  
konturo contour, outline  
kontuzi bruise (tr)  
kontuzo a bruise  
konuso cone  
konveksa convex  
knovekti convect  
konvena (be) suitable, appropriate, fit  
konvencio convention (contract; social etc)  
konverĝi converge (intr)  
konversacii chat, talk  
konvers(aci)o conversation  
konverti convert (?)  
konvinki convince (?)  
kopio a copy  
koro heart  
kopulacii copulate (intr)  
korbo basket  
kordo string (of musical instrument)  
korekti correct  
korelacii correlate  
korespondi correspond (to exchange letters)  
koridoro corridor  
korko cork  
korniko cornice (?)  
korno horn  
korpo body  
korporacio corporation  
korpuso corps  
korso broadway, mall (?)  
krosaro corsair, pirate  
korto court, (court)yard  
kortumo court (of justice)  
korupti corrupt; bribe  
korvo crow; raven  
kosmo cosmos, space  
kosti cost  
multekosta expensive  
kostumo dress, costume; suit (?)  
koto mud (?)  
kotizo subscription, dues  
kotono cotton (fibre)  
kovi incubate, brood (tr)  
elkovi hatch (tr)  
koverto envelope  
kovri cover  
kovrilo lid; cover (of bed, book, etc)  
kraĉi spit  
krado grating; grille; grid  
krajono pencil  
kraki crack, clatter (noise)  
krampo clamp; staple; bracket, parenthesis(e)  
krano tap, faucet (?)  
kranio skull, cranium  
kranko crank; crank-handle  
kravali riot (?)  
kravato (neck)tie  
krei create  
kredi believe  
kredito credit  
kremo (dairy) cream  
kremacii cremate (?)  
krepusko twilight; half-light  
kreski grow (intr)  
kreskigi grow (tr); increase (tr)  
krespo pancake  
kresto (cocks)comb; crest  
krestomatio chrestomathy, anthology, reader  
kreto chalk  
krevi burst (intr) (?)  
kribri sift; sieve  
krii cry, call out  
kriegi yell  
ekkrii exclaim  
kriketo cricket (game)  
krimo crime  
kripla crippled, disabled  
kristalo crystal  
kriterio criterion  
kritiki criticize  
krizo crisis; emergency  
kroĉi hook (onto) (tr)  
alkroĉi attach  
krokodilo crocodile  
krom (prepn) besides, apart from (except for; as well as)  
krono crown  
krotalo rattlesnake  
krozi cruise (?)  
kruco cross (?)  
kruĉo jug; (coffee, tea) pot  
kruda raw; rough; crude  
kruela cruel; fierce  
kruro leg (?)  
krusto crust (?)  
kruta steep (?)  
kuo Q, q  
kubo cube; a die (pl. dice)  
kubuto elbow  
kudri sew  
kudrilo needle  
kuglo bullet  
kuiri cook  
kuirejo kitchen  
kuko cake  
kukolo cuckoo  
kukumo cucumber  
kukurbo pumpkin; (loosely) gourd, squash (?)  
kulo gnat (?)  
kulero spoon  
kulpa guilty; to blame  
kultivi til, cultivate  
kulto cult; worship (?)  
kulturi cultivate  
kulturo culture  
kun (prepn) with  
kune together  
kunigi join, unite  
kunmeti combine  
kuniklo rabbit  
kunsido session; meeting (around a table?)  
kunveno a meeting  
kupono coupon  
kupolo cupola, dome  
kupro copper  
kuri run  
kurioza quaint, curious (?)  
kuraci give medical treatment, atted (a patient)  
kuraĝa brave  
kurbo curve  
kurento (elec) current  
kursiva cursive script; italics  
kurso course (of lessons; route)  
kurteno curtain  
kurzo rate of exchange  
kuseno cushion  
kuŝi lie, recline  
kutimo habit; custom  
kutimi be accustomed (to)  
kuvo tub; vat  
kuzo cousin  
kvadrato square  
kvalito quality  
kvankam (conj) although (?)  
kvanto quantity  
kvar 4  
kvarono 1/4, quarter  
kvaranteno quarantine  
kvartalo quarter (part of city)  
kvarco quartz  
kvazaǔ (conj) as if, as though; (adverb) as it were (?)  
kvereli quarrel, wrangle  
kverko oak  
kvieta quiet, calm; docile  
kvin 5  
la the  
laboratorio labatory  
labirinto labyrinth, maze  
labori work, labor  
laca tired  
lacerto lizard  
laĉo lace (shoe etc)  
lado sheet-metal  
ladskatolo a can, tin  
lafo lava  
lago lake  
laiko layman  
lako lacquer  
lakto milk  
laktuko lettuce (?)  
lama lame  
lambastono crutch, cane (?)  
lameno lamina, thin plate; slat  
lampo lamp  
lamenti lament, wail  
lando a country  
lango tongue  
lano wool  
lanĉi launch  
lanco spear; lance; javelin  
laniario guard dog (?)  
lanta (lit) slow (?)  
lanterno lantern (?)  
lanugo down; fluff  
lapo burdock (?)  
lardo bacon (?)  
larĝa broad, wide  
larmo tear  
larvo larva, grub  
lasi leave; let  
allasi admit  
ellasi release; utter (?)  
ellasilo trigger  
ellastubo exhastpipe  
forlasi abandon; relinquish  
preterlasi omit, leave out; overlook, miss (?)  
lasta last (?)  
lastatempe recently (?)  
latekso latex  
latenta latent (?)  
latero (geom.) side  
kvarlatero quadrilateral  
latino Latin  
latinida Romance  
latitudo (geog., astr.) latitude  
latuno brass  
laǔ (prepn) according to; along  
laǔbo bower, arbour (?)  
laǔdi praise  
laǔta loud  
lavi wash (tr)  
lavango avalanche  
lazo lasso, lariat  
lazuro/a azure (?)  
leciono lesson  
ledo leather  
legi read  
legitimi legitimize; authenticate  
legomo vegetable  
leĝo (a, the) law  
lekcio lecture  
leki lick  
leksiko lexis, vocabulary, wordstock  
leksikono lexicon (?)  
leono lion  
lenso lens  
lento lentil  
leporo hare (?)  
lerni learn  
lerta clever, skillful  
lesivo lye, washing solution  
letero letter (correspondence)  
leǔtenanto lieutenant  
levi lift, raise  
li (pronoun) he  
libera free  
libro book  
lici be allowed  
licenco license (permit; lit)  
liceo secondary school  
lifto lift, US elevator  
ligi tie; bind; link  
alligi attach  
ligno wood, timber  
ligo league; connection  
liki leak (intr)  
likva liquid  
lilio lily flower  
limako slug (insect, molusc?) (?)  
limo limit; boundary; frontier  
lingvo language  
lineo line (fine cord)  
linio line  
liniilo ruler (tool)  
lino flax (?)  
lipo lip  
listo list  
literaturo literature  
litero letter (of alphabet)  
literumi spell a word  
lito bed  
litro litre  
liveri deliver; supply, furnish  
logi lure  
logiko logic  
loĝi live, dwell; inhabit  
lojala loyal  
loko place  
lokomotivo locomotive  
longa long  
longitudo logitude  
loto lot, a chance draw (?)  
loti draw lots (?)  
lotumi allot (?)  
lotuso lotus  
lubriki lubricate  
ludi play  
lui rent, hire (from someone)  
luko skylight; porthole  
lukso lǔury  
lukti wrestle; struggle  
luli lull, rock  
lulilo cradle  
lumi shine (intr)  
lumo a light  
lundo Monday  
luno moon  
lupo wolf  
lumbriko earthworm  
lunĉo lunch, snack  
maĉi chew  
magazeno (large) shop, store  
magio magic  
magneto magnet  
maizo maize, (sweet) corn  
majesta majestic  
majo May  
majstro master(craftsman); maestro; Master  
majusklo capital letter  
makleri act a broker or middleman  
makleraĵo brokerage, commission (?)  
maksimumo maximum  
makulo spot, stain  
makropo kangaroo (?)  
male on the contrary  
maleolo ankle  
malgraǔ (prepn) in spite of  
malica malicious  
malvarmumo cold (?)  
malvo mallow (flower) (?)  
mamo breast  
mamulo mammal  
mampinto nipple  
mamzono bra  
mandato mandate  
manĝi eat  
manĝo meal  
maniero way, manner  
maniko sleeve  
manipuli manipulate  
manki be lacking, deficient, fail; be absent  
mano hand  
manovri maneuver  
manradiko wrist  
mantelo coat; cloak, mantle  
mapo map  
maparo atlas  
maro sea, ocean  
marĉo marsh  
mardo Tuesday  
marĉandi haggle  
marko mark (sign etc); counter; stamp  
marmelado jam, marmalade  
Marso Mars  
marŝi march; walk  
martelo hammer  
marto March  
maso mass  
masaĝo massage  
masoni build, mason  
masto mast  
mastro master (of a house, servants, etc)  
mastrumi keep house, manage (household etc)  
maŝino machine; engine  
maŝo loop; mesh (net)  
matematiko mathematics  
mateno morning  
matenmanĝo breakfast meal.  
materialo material; data (?)  
materio matter  
mato mat  
matraco mattress  
matura ripe; mature  
meblo piece of furniture  
medicino (art of) medicine  
medikamento medicament, medicine  
medio environment  
mediti meditate  
mefito skunko  
meĥaniko mechanics (mekaniko)  
meĥanismo mechanism (mekanismo)  
mejlo mile  
melki milk (a cow, goat, etc)  
melo badger  
meleagro turkey  
melodio melody; tune  
melono melon  
mem -self, -selves  
memo self  
membro limb; member  
memori remember  
memstara (?)  
mencii mention  
mendi order; book(ing)  
menso mind  
mensogi (tell a) lie  
mentono chin  
menuo menu  
meriti deserve, merit  
merkredo Wednesday  
menstruo menstruation  
mento mint (plant; flavor)  
mercero haberdashery (?)  
merkato market (?)  
merlo blackbird (?)  
mesaĝo message  
metalo metal  
metalurgio metallurgy  
meti put, place  
demeti take off (clothes); lay (egg); put down  
kunmetita compound  
metio (handi)craft, trade  
metodo method  
metaforo metaphor  
metro metre (verse; measurement)  
mezo middle; mean  
meza middle; average  
mevo (sea)gull  
mezuri measure (tr)  
mezurorubando tape-measure  
mi (pronoun) I, me  
mielo honey  
mieno mien, look, expression  
migri migrate; roam  
enmigri immigrate  
miksi mix (tr); shuffle (cards)  
mil thousand (1000)  
milo a thousand  
milda mild, gentil  
miliardo milliard, (US) billion, 10^9  
milimetro millimeter  
miliono million (?)  
militi wage war  
milito war  
militisto soldier  
mino mine (?)  
minaci threaten, menace  
mineralo mineral  
minimumo minimum  
ministerio Ministry (govt. dept.)  
ministro minister (of State)  
minus minus (?)  
minusklo small letter, lower-case letter  
minuto minute (time; angle)  
miopa short-sighted, myopic  
miraklo miracle  
miri be amazed, marvel  
mirinda wonderful  
mirtelo blueberry (?)  
mistero mystery  
mis- (prefix) mis-  
miskompreni misunderstand  
mispaŝo blunder  
miso fault, foul; (lit) evil (?)  
misio mission (?)  
mistifiki hoax, foll  
mito myth  
mitologio mythology  
mitulo mussel  
mizero misery, poverty  
mnemoniko mnemonic(s)  
mobilizi mobilize  
modelo model  
modera moderate  
modo fashion, vogue  
eksmoda old-fashioned, outdated  
moderna modern  
modesta modest  
modifi modify  
moki jeer at, mock  
mola soft; tender  
malmola hard; firm  
molekulo molecule  
molusko mollusc  
momento moment, instant  
monaĥo monk  
monato month  
mondo world  
tutmonda universal  
mono money  
monero coin  
monujo purse  
monbileto banknote (?)  
monpuno fine  
monstro monster  
monto mountain  
monteto hill  
montri show (tr)  
montriĝi appear; prove (?)  
monumento monument  
moralo morals  
mordi bite  
morgaǔ (adverb) tomorrow  
postmorgaǔ the day after tomorrow  
moro general custom, usage  
mortero mortar (for building)  
morti die  
mortigi kill  
moskito mosquito  
moto motto  
motivo motive; motif  
motoro motor, engine  
movado movement  
movi move (tr)  
mucida musty, mouldy  
mueli grind (corn); mince; crush, pulverize  
muelejo a mill (windmill, etc)  
muĝi roar; bellow; boom  
mulo mule  
muldi cast, mould  
mulĉo mulch  
multa much  
multaj many  
multe a lot (of)  
multobla multiple  
multobligi duplicate; multiply (tr)  
multipliki (math) multiply (tr)  
munti erect, assemble (tr); set, mount; montage  
murdo murder  
murmuri murmur  
muro wall  
musko moss  
muskolo muscle  
muso mouse  
muŝo fly (insect)  
muta dumb; mute  
muzelo snout, muzzle  
muzeo museum  
muziko music  
nacio nation  
nadlo needle (compass, gramaphone, etc)  
naĝi swim; float  
naiva naive  
najbaro neighbour  
najlo nail, stud  
najtingalo nightingale  
nano dwarf; midget  
naski give birth to; generate  
naskigi beget  
naskiĝi be born  
narkoti drug, narcotize  
naturo nature  
naǔ 9  
naǔzi nauseate  
nazo nose  
ne no; not  
nei say no; deny  
nebulo fog  
necesa necessary  
necesejo toilet, WC  
negi deny  
negativa negative (?)  
neglekti neglect  
neĝo snow  
neĝero snowflake  
nek nor (nek A nek B: neither A nor B)  
nekrologo obituary  
nekropsio autopsy, post-mortem  
nenia (adj) no, no kind of  
neniigi annihilate; annul  
nenial for no reason  
neniam never  
nenie nowhere  
neniel in no way  
nenies no-one's  
nenio nothing  
neniom none; not at all  
neniu (pronoun) nobody, no-one; neither; none; (adj) neither; no  
nepo grandson  
neologismo neologism (?)  
nepre without fail; absolutely  
nervo nerve  
nervoza nervous  
nesto nest  
neta neat; fair (copy); clear-cut;  
neǔtrala neutral  
nevo nephew  
ni (pronoun) we, us  
nigra black  
nilono nylon  
nivelo level  
nobla noble(hearted)  
nodo knot; node  
nocio a notion  
noĉo a notch  
nokto night  
tranokti pass the night  
nombro number, amount  
nomo name  
antaǔnomo first name  
nordo North  
normala normal  
normo norm; standard  
noto note; mark, grade  
nova new  
novaĵo news (?)  
novembro November  
nu (interjection) well; now  
nuanco nuance; shade, hue  
nubo cloud  
nuda naked, bare  
nuko nape (of the neck)  
nukso nut  
nul zero, nil  
numero number (of hourse, ticket etc); issue (of periodical)  
nun now  
nur (adverb) only  
nutri feed (tr); nourish  
obei obey  
objekto object; thing; subject (of study, etc)  
obligacio debenture, bond  
oblikva oblique; slanting  
observi observe  
obsedi obsess, fill the mind, preoccupy with  
obscena obscene  
obstaklo obstacle  
obstina obstinate, stubborn  
oceano ocean (?)  
ocimo basil (herb)  
odori smell (of) (intr); have (some or other) smell  
ofendi offend  
oferi sacrifice; offer (up)  
oferti offer; bid  
oficiala official  
oficiro officer (in forces, etc)  
ofico office, function, post  
oficejo office, bureau  
ofta frequent; common  
ofte often  
ok 8  
okazi happen, occur  
ĉiaokaze in any case  
okcidento West  
oksido oxide  
oktobro October  
okulo eye  
oksigeno oxygen  
okupi occupy  
okupita busy, engaged  
ol than  
oleo oil  
olivo olive (fruit)  
ombrelo umbrella; parasol  
omo (elec) ohm  
ombro shadow; shade  
omleto omlette  
ono fraction  
ondo wave  
oni (pronoun) one, people, they, we, you  
onidiro rumour, hearsay  
onklo uncle  
ope at a time, together  
operacii operate  
opero opera  
opinii think, opine  
oponi oppose  
oportuna convenient; handy; opportune  
opozicii be in opposition  
oranĝo orange  
oratoro orator  
oro gold  
orbito orbit  
ordinara ordinary (?)  
ordo order (the state of being)  
ord(ig)i (ar)range, order  
ordoni order (command)  
orelo ear  
orfo orphan  
organika organic  
organizi organize (tr)  
organo (anatomy) organ (body part)  
orgeno (music) organ (instrument)  
orienti orient  
oriento East  
origano oregano (herb)  
originalo original (not a copy)  
origino origin  
orkestro orchestra  
ornami adorn, decorate  
ornamaĵo ornament  
orto right (angle)  
ortografio orthography, spelling  
oscedi yawn  
osto bone  
ostro oyster  
ovalo oval  
ovo egg  
ozono ozone  
pacienca patience  
paciento patient  
paco peace  
pafi shoot  
pagi pay  
senpaga gratis, free  
pagano pagan  
paĝo page (of book etc)  
pajlo straw  
pako packet, parcel  
paki to pack (a bag, etc)  
pala pale  
palaco palace  
palato palate  
paliso stake, pale (?)  
palmo palm(tree)  
palpebro eyelid  
palpebrumi blink  
palpi feel, touch; grope  
palto coat, overcoat (?)  
paneo breakdown, mechanical failure  
paniko panic  
pano bread, loaf  
pansi dress (a wound)  
pantalono trousers, pants  
pantoflo slipper  
papago parrot  
papero paper  
papilio butterfly  
papo Pope  
paro pair, couple  
para even; paired  
paradizo paradise  
paralelo parallel  
paradi parade; display  
paraŝuto parachute  
parcelo plot (of land); allotment  
pardoni pardon (forgive; excuse)  
parenco relative, relation  
parfumo perfume  
parkere by heart  
parkerigi memorize  
parko park  
parki park (?)  
parlamento parliament  
paroli speak, talk  
parolelemento part of speech  
participo participle  
partio party (pol; law), side, faction  
parto part; share  
partopreni participate  
plejparte mostly  
pasaĝero passenger  
pasero sparrow (bird)  
pasi pass (intr); pass through  
pasinta past  
pasintjara last year's  
pasumi lounge about, dawdle  
preterpasi pass by, overtake; amit; exceed  
pasio passion  
pasiva passive  
pasporto passport  
pasto paste; dough  
pastro pastor, preacher, priest  
paŝi step, stride, pace  
paŝti pasture (?)  
pato frying-pan (?)  
patro father  
prapatro ancestor  
patrono patron  
paǔzi pause, make a break  
patento patent  
pavo peacock  
peco piece, bit  
vicpeco spare part (?)  
pedagogio pedagogy, teaching  
pedalo pedal (of bike, etc)  
pejzaĝo landscape, natural scenery  
peki sin  
pedicko louse  
pego woodpecker  
pekli salt, corn (provisions) (?)  
peli drive; propel  
pelto (made up) fur  
pelvo basin, bowl; pelvis  
peni endeavour, try  
peniga arduous  
pendi hang (intr), hang down  
pendigi hang (tr)  
dependig depend  
sendependa independant (?)  
pendolo pendulum  
penetri penetrate  
peniko (artist's) paint-brush  
peniso (anat.) penis  
pensi think  
elpensi invent (?)  
pensio (retirement) pension  
penti repent  
pentri paint (a picture etc)  
peono pawn (chess)  
pepi cheep, chirp, twitter  
per (prepn) by (means of), with, through  
peranto agent; mediator  
senpere directly  
peri act as go-between; purvey, procure (?)  
perdi lose (no longer have)  
percepti perceive  
perei perish, be lost  
perfekta perfect  
perfidi betray  
perfido treachery  
periferio periphery; outskirts  
perimetro perimeter; circumference  
periodo period (?)  
perlo pearl  
perkuti strike, tap; percuss  
permesi allow, permit  
forpermesi give leave of absence  
permuti permute  
perono (flight of) (stone) steps, stoop, perron; platform (?)  
perpendikla perpendicular  
perpleksa perplexed, puzzled  
persekuti pursue; persecute; prosecute  
persiko peach (fruit)  
persisti persist; persevere  
persono person; personnage, personality  
persvadi persuade  
pesi weigh (find the weight of)  
pesto plague, pestilence  
peti ask, request  
petegi beseech  
peticio petition  
petoli frolic; play pranks, be naughty  
petrolo (mineral) oil (?)  
peza heavy  
pia pious  
piano piano  
piceo spruce (fir tree)  
piedingo shoe (?)  
piedo foot  
pigo magpie (?)  
pigra (lit) lazy (?)  
piki prick; sting; pique  
piko spades (at cards)  
pik(il)drato barbed wire  
pilko ball (for playing with)  
pilo battery (?)  
piloto pilot  
pilolo pill (?)  
pinĉi pinch, nip  
pinĉilo pincers; tongs  
pinglo pin; needle (of conifer)  
pingveno penguin  
pino pine (tree)  
pinto tip, point; summit  
pioĉo pick-axe  
pioniro pioneer (?)  
pipo (tobacco) pipe  
pipro pepper  
piro pear  
piramido pyramid  
pirato pirate, buccaneer  
pisi piss  
pisti pound, crush  
pistilo pestle (?)  
pizo pea  
placo (public) square, piazza  
plaĉi please, be pleasing  
plado dish, platter; course  
plafono ceiling  
plago calamity, scourge  
plando sole (of foot)  
plano a plan  
plani to plan, make a plan  
plandumo sole (of shoe)  
planedo planet  
planko floor  
planti to plant  
planto a plant  
plastiko plastic art, modelling  
plasto plastic (materal)  
plata flat  
plato plate; slab  
pledi plead (a case at law) (?)  
plej (adverb) most  
malplej (adverb) least  
pleje most often, most of all  
plekti plait, wreathe, twine (tr)  
plena full  
plenumi fulfil, accomplish  
plenaĝa adult, of age  
malplena empty  
plendi complain  
pleto tray  
plezuro pleasure  
pli (adverb) more  
plia extra  
pliigi increase (tr)  
malpli less  
pli-malpli more or less  
plisi pleat, crease (?)  
plonĝi dive, plunge  
plori weep, cry  
plotono platoon (mil) (?)  
plu further, more  
plua additional  
plugi plough (?)  
plumbo lead (?)  
plumo feather; pen  
pluraj several  
pluralo (gram) plural  
plus plus (?)  
pluso plus; surplus (?)  
pluvo rain  
pneǔmatiko pneumatics (?)  
po (prepn) at the rate of, @  
poĉi poach (an egg)  
poemo poem  
poento point (in scoring), mark  
poeto poet  
poezio poetry  
pojno wrist (?)  
pokero poker (game)  
polico police  
politiko politics; policy  
poluro shine, lustre  
poluso pole (north, south; positive, negative)  
polvo dust  
pomo apple  
ponto bridge  
popolo a people  
populara popular  
por (prepn) for  
porcelano porcelain, china  
porcio portion  
pordo door  
porko pig  
porti carry; wear  
alporti bring  
elporti carry away; endure  
portreto portrait  
posedi possess  
post (prepn) after; behind  
posta later, succeeding  
poste afterwards; behind  
postaĵo behind, backside  
posteno post, station (eg. setry's); post, appointment  
posteni stand guard  
posteulo successor (?)  
postuli demand, require  
poŝo pocket  
postulato postulate  
poŝto mail, post  
potenco power  
poto pot, jug, can, jar  
povi be able  
povo ability, power  
povra (lit) poor (?)  
pozi pose (as model); posture, pass oneself off as  
pozicio position  
pozitiva positive  
pra- (prefix denoting remoteness in time)  
praavo great-grandfather  
praa primeval  
praktiko practice  
praktiki practise (put into practice; carry on a profession)  
pramo ferry  
prava right (in opinion, conduct etc), justified  
precipa chief, main, principal  
preciza precise, accurate  
predo prey; plunder  
predikato (gram) predicate  
preferi prefer  
prefikso prefix  
prelego lecture, a talk  
preĝi pray  
prelegi to lecture, (give a) talk  
premi press; oppress (?)  
premio prize; premium (?)  
preni take  
prepari prepare  
prepozicio preposition  
presi print  
preskaǔ almost, nearly  
preskribi prescribe  
preta ready  
preteksto pretext (?)  
pretendi claim; presume to  
preter (prepn) (straight) past, by; beyond  
prezo price  
prezenti present; introduce (?)  
prezidento president  
prezidi preside  
pri (prepn) about, concerning  
primo prime number  
principo principle  
princo prince  
printempo spring time  
priskribi (?)  
privata private  
pro (prepn) for, because of, owing to  
probabla probable  
problemo problem  
procedi proceed (?)  
procento percentage; rate  
proceso lawsuit, action  
produkto produce  
profesio profession  
profesoro professor  
profeto prophesy  
profito profit  
profunda deep; profound  
programo programme (?)  
progresi progress  
projekcii project (film) (?)  
projekto project, plan  
prokrasti delay (tr), put off  
proksima near, nearby  
proksimume approximately  
promeni go for a walk, drive, ride, etc.  
promocii promote (raise to a higher rank)  
promesi promise  
pronomo pronoun  
prononci pronounce  
prononco pronounciation  
propagandi spread, promote, propagate  
proponi propose; offer  
proporcio proportion, ratio  
propozicio (logical) proposition  
propra (one's) own  
prosperi prosper  
protekti protect; back, help  
protesti protest  
protokolo minutes (of a meeting)  
proverbo proverb  
provi try; try out; test (?)  
provinco province  
provizi provide, supply  
provizora provisional  
provoki provoke; challenge  
prozo prose  
prudenta sensible, reasonable  
pruno plum (fruit)  
prunti lend; borrow  
pruvi prove (tr)  
pruvo proof  
psiko psyche  
psikologio psychology  
publiko public  
pudro powder (cosmetic etc)  
pugo behind, arse  
pugno fist  
pulmo lung  
pulovero pullover, jumper  
pulo a flea  
pulio pully  
pulvo gunpowder (?)  
pulvoro powder (anything pulverized)  
pumpi pump  
puni punish  
punkto point (dot)  
dupunkto colon (mark)  
punto lace (?)  
pupilo (anat) pupil  
pupo doll  
pura clean; pure  
purpura purple  
puso pus, matter(?)  
puŝi push, thrust  
puto a well  
putri rot (intr), putrefy  
rabato rebate, reduction, discount  
rabi plunder, rob (tr); kidnap, abduct  
racio reason (logical faculty)  
racia rational  
rabeno rabbi  
raboto plane (carpentry)  
rado wheel  
radiko root  
radio radio  
rafano radish  
rafini refine (?)  
rajdi ride (horse, bike, etc)  
rajto a right  
rajtigi authorize  
rako rack (to hold things)  
raketo rocket (?)  
rakedo racquet  
rakonti tell (a story), narrate  
rampi crawl, creep  
rampulo crawler (?)  
rando edge, rim (?)  
rango rank, grade  
rano frog  
ranca racid  
rapo turnip  
rapida quick, rapid, fast  
malrapida slow  
raporti report  
rara rare, precious  
raso race; breed, stock  
raspi rasp; grate (cheese, etc)  
rasti rake (?)  
rato rat  
raǔka hoarse  
raǔpo caterpillar  
ravi delight (tr) (?)  
razi shave (tr)  
razeno lawn  
ree again  
reen back(wards)  
reakcio reaction  
reala real  
recenzi review (a book, etc)  
recepto recipe; prescription  
reciproka mutual; reciprocal  
reciti recite  
redakcio editorial department; wording (?)  
redakti edit; draft, draw up  
redaktoro editor  
redukti reduce (tr) (?)  
referi make a (scholarly) report, read a paper (on a subject)  
reflekti reflect (light, sound, etc)  
reformi reform  
refuti refute  
regali entertain, treat  
regi rule; govern; control; reign  
regimento regiment (?)  
regiono region  
registaro government  
registro register; record  
regno state, realm, kingdom  
regresi fall back, regress, retrogress  
regulo a rule (?)  
reĝimo regime  
reĝisoro stage-manager  
reĝo king  
reklami advertise  
rekomendi recommend  
rekompenco a reward  
rekordo a record (unexcelled performance)  
rekta straight; direct  
rektilo a ruler (tool)  
rektangulo right angle  
relativa relative (not absolute)  
reliefo relief (sculpture)  
religio religion  
relo rail (railway)  
remi row  
remilo oar (for rowing)  
rendevuo rendez-vous; appointment  
renkonti meet (tr); encounter  
reno kidney  
rento (unearned) income (?)  
rentumo interest (?)  
renversi upset, overthrow, knockdown  
reprezenti represent, act for  
reprodukti reproduce (?)  
reptilio reptile  
respekti respect (high regard for)  
respondeca responsible (?)  
respondi reply, answer; correspond (?)  
respubliko republic  
resti remain, stay  
restoracio restaurant  
resumo summary  
reto net; network  
retrati withdraw (money)  
retreti retreat (?)  
revi (day)dream (wishful thinking)  
reverso wrong side, reverse, back (of material, coin)  
revizii revise; audit, inspect; overhaul  
revuo review (inspect troops; survey); review, journal; revue  
rezervo reserve (?)  
rezigni forgo, renounce; give up  
rezisti resist  
resolucio resolution, motion  
rezoni reason (?)  
rezulti result (?)  
rezultigi leat to, bring about (?)  
ribeli rebel; mutiny  
ricevi receive, obtain; catch (a disease, etc)  
riĉa rich  
ridi laugh  
rideti smile  
rifuĝi (take) refuge, shelter  
rifuĝinto refugee  
rifuzi refuse  
rigardi look (at); consider, deem  
ekrigardi glance (at)  
rigida rigid, stiff  
rigli bolt (door)  
regora rigorous, stringent  
rikolti harvest, garner  
rilati relate to, refer to; have relations (with); take a (particular) view (of)  
rimarki notice  
rimarkigi call attention to; remark  
rimarkinda remarkable  
rimedo means, resource  
rimeno strap  
rimo rhyme  
ringo ring  
ripari repair, mend  
ripeti repeat  
ripo rib; vein (of wing, leaf)  
ripozi rest, repose  
riproĉi reproach, tell off; blame  
riski risk, hazard  
risorto (mech) spring  
ritmo rhythm  
rito rite  
rivero river  
riveli (photo) develop; reveal  
riverenci bow, curtsey  
rivoluo (mech, geom) revolution  
rizo rice  
robo robe; dress, gown  
roko rock  
rolo role, part  
romano novel  
rompi break (tr)  
rondo round, ring, circle  
ronda (be) round, roundish (?)  
ronki snore; snort  
roso dew  
rosti roast (tr); toast (bread)  
rostpano (piece of) toast  
rotacii rotate (intr)  
rozo a rose  
rubando ribbon  
rubo rubble; rubbish  
rubriko heading; section, column; rubric  
ruĝa red (color)  
rudro rudder  
ruĝiĝi blush  
ruino a ruin  
rukti belch  
ruli roll (tr)  
rulo roller; roll  
rusto rust  
ruza cunning, crafty, sly  
sabato Saturday  
sablo sand  
saboti sabotage  
sagaca astute, shrewd  
sago arrow  
saĝa wise  
sako sack; bag; sac  
salajro salary, wages  
salamandro salamander  
salato salad  
salo salt  
saldo (commerce) balance (account) (?)  
saliko willow (tree)  
salivo saliva  
salmo salmon  
salono (drawing)room, lounge; salon; saloon  
salti jump, leap  
saluti greet; salute  
sama same  
malsama different  
sana well, healthy  
sandviĉo sandwich  
sango blood  
sankta holy, sacred  
sapo soap  
sarki weed  
sarkilo a hoe  
sata full, satiated (?)  
malsati be hundry  
satelito satellite  
satiro satire  
saǔco sauce  
savi save; rescue  
sceno scene  
scienco science; learning  
scii know (a fact; how to)  
sciigi tell, notify  
scipovi know (a language etc)  
scivola inquisitive  
sciuro squirrel  
se (conj) if, supposing  
sed (conj) but  
segi saw (wood, etc)  
seĝo chair  
seka dry  
sekalo rye (grain)  
sekci dissect; (geom) cut  
sekcio section  
sekretario secretary  
sekreto secret  
sekso sex  
sekundo second (of time; arc)  
sekura safe, secure  
sekvi follow  
sinsekva consecutive  
selo saddle  
semajno week  
semo seed  
semi sow  
dissemi scatter  
sen (prepn) without  
senigi deprive (of)  
senato senate  
senco sense (meaning; direction)  
sendependa independent  
sendi send  
dissendi broadcast  
senso sense (faculty)  
sensi sense, perceive  
senti feel (tr)  
sentumo sense (?)  
sep 7  
septembro September  
serĉi look for, seek  
priserĉi search (tr)  
serena serene, calm  
serio series  
serioza serious, earnest  
serpento snake  
seruro lock  
seruristo locksmith  
servi serve  
ses 6  
severa severe, strict  
sezono season (of the year)  
sfero sphere  
si (reflexive pronoun) oneself (etc)  
sibli hiss; whistle (arrow, wind)  
siatempe (?)  
sidi sit, be sitting  
sidiĝi sit down  
sidloko seat, place  
signalo signal  
signifi mean, signify  
signo sign  
silabo syllable  
silenti be silent  
silko silk  
simbolo symbol  
simila similar, like  
simio monkey  
simpatio liking, fellow-feeling  
simpla simple  
sincera sincere  
sindikato syndicate; trades-union  
sindona (?)  
singarda (?)  
singularo (gram) singular  
sinjoro Mr.,; gentleman  
sino bosom; lap (?)  
sinteno attitude (?)  
sinki sink (tr) (?)  
sinonimo synonym  
sintakso syntax  
sintezo synthesis  
siropo syrup  
sistemo system  
sitelo bucket, pail (?)  
situacio situation, state of affairs  
situo site, situation  
skalo scale (measure)  
skatolo box, case  
skeleto skeleton  
skarabo beetle; scarab  
skemo schema, diagram  
skio a ski (sport foot gear)  
skizo sketch (?)  
sklavo slave  
skorpio scorpion  
skolto scout  
skrapi scrape  
skribi write  
subskribo signature  
skui shake (tr)  
skulpti sculpt, carve  
skvamo scale (of fish etc)  
sledo sledge, sleigh  
sobra sober, temperate  
sociala social, welfare (?)  
societo a society; (good) society  
socio society, the community  
sofo sofa  
soifi be thirsty  
sojlo threshold; sill  
sola lone; alone; sole  
soldato soldier  
solena solemn  
solidara jointly responsible, interdependent; showing solidarity  
solido a solid  
solvi solev; resolve; dissolve (tr)  
somero summer  
sonĝi dream  
soni sound (intr); resound  
sonoro ring (intr)  
sopiri yearn, long for  
sorbi absorb; sip, swallow  
sorĉi bewitch (?)  
sorgo sorghum (cereal) (?)  
sorto lot, destiny, fate  
sovaĝa wild; savage  
spaco space  
speciala special  
specimeno specimen, sample  
speco kind, sort  
spegulo mirror  
spektaklo spectacle, display  
sperta experienced, expert  
spezi (fin) turnover (?)  
spico spice, seasoning  
spiko ear (of corn)  
spinaco spinach  
spiono spy  
spiri breathe  
spirito spirit, mind (?)  
spite defy, brave (?)  
spiti defy, brave (?)  
splito splinter  
spongo sponge  
sporo spore  
sporto sport  
sprita witty, lively  
sporado sporadic (?)  
spuro trace, track, trail  
sputi spit up (mucus, blood; flames)  
stabila stable  
stablo workbench; trestle; easel (?)  
stacio station  
stadio stage (of development); stade (?)  
stadiono stadium  
stagni stagnate  
stako stack; haystack (?)  
stalo stall, shed, stable  
stameno (bot) stamen (?)  
stampo stamp, mark  
standardo standard (flag)  
stango rod, pole, spar (?)  
stano (chem) tin  
stari stand (intr); be; stand fast  
starigi set up, establish  
starti start (off) (intr)  
stato state, condition  
statuo statue  
staturo stature (?)  
stelo star  
stebi quilt, sew with 2 threads (?)  
steko steak  
sterko manure  
sterila sterile (?)  
sterni spread, lay out (?)  
stilo style (?)  
stomako stomach  
stranga strange  
strato street  
streĉi stretch (tr); wind up (watch etc)  
strabi squint; look askance (?)  
strando beach (?)  
strebi strive (for) (?)  
streko stroke, line  
strigo owl (?)  
striki strike (stoppage)  
strikta tight, close-fitting; stringent  
strio striation; stripe; strip  
strukturo structure  
struto ostrich  
studento student (university)  
studi study (?)  
stulta dull, stupid, silly  
stufi stew, braise (?)  
stumpo stump (of limb, tree; stub  
sub (prepn) under, beneath  
subita sudden  
subjekto subject  
substanco substance  
substantivo substantive, noun  
subteni (?)  
subtila subtle; fine (?)  
subtrahi subtract (?)  
suĉi suck  
substitui substitute (tr)  
sudo South  
suferi suffer  
sufiĉa sufficient, enough  
sufikso suffix  
sufoki suffocate, choke (tr)  
sugesti suggest (?)  
sukcesi succeed  
sukero sugar  
suko juice; sap  
sulko furrow; wrinkle (?)  
sulfuro sulphur  
sumo sum (of money; total)  
sumigi sum up (tr)  
suno sun  
supo soup  
super (prepn) over; above  
superflua superfluous, extraneous (?)  
suplemento supplement (?)  
supozi suppose; presume  
supro top, summit  
supre above; on top; upstairs  
supren upwards  
supraĵo surface  
sur (prepn) on, upon  
surmeti put on (surface, etc)  
surda deaf  
surfaco (geom) surface  
surprizi surprise  
surtuto overcoat, great-coat (?)  
suspekti suspect (?)  
susuri rustle; swish  
suspiri sigh  
svarmo swarm  
svati act as matchmaker; propose in marriage (?)  
sveni faint, swoon; disappear  
svingi wave, brandish; fling  
ŝafo sheep  
ŝajni seem, appear  
ŝajnigi feign; pretend  
ŝakalo jackal  
ŝako chess; check (?)  
ŝaki be in check  
ŝakon check!  
ŝalmo (mine-,lift-)shaft  
ŝalti switch on  
ŝanceli shake (tr), unsettle, make unstable  
ŝanco chance (of success) (?)  
ŝanĝi change (tr)  
ŝanĝiĝi change (intr)  
ŝargi load (camera, gun); charge (accumulator)  
ŝarĝo load, burden; charge (task, entrusted)  
ŝati prize, think well of, have a high regard for; like  
ŝaǔmo foam, froth  
ŝelo peel (of orange etc); bark (of tree); shell (of egg)  
ŝelko braces; suspenders  
ŝerci joke, jest  
ŝi (pronoun) she  
ŝimo mildew (?)  
ŝinko ham (?)  
ŝingo shingle, wooden tile (?)  
ŝipo ship  
ŝiri tear, rip (tr)  
ŝirmi shelter, screen  
ŝlimo slam (at cards) (?)  
ŝlosi lock  
ŝmiri anoint, smear; spread (butter etc); grease; bribe (?)  
ŝnuro rope; cord; line  
ŝoforo drive, chauffeur  
ŝoki shock  
ŝoveli shovel; scoop  
ŝovi push along, slide (tr)  
ŝpari save (money etc); economize  
ŝpini spin (into thread)  
ŝpruci gush out, shoot forth (intr)  
ŝranko cupboard  
ŝraǔbo screw (?)  
ŝrumpi shrivel up; shrink (intr)  
ŝtalo steel  
ŝtato (political) state (?)  
ŝteli steal, thieve  
ŝtipo log; chopping-block (?)  
ŝtofo cloth, material  
ŝtono stone (?)  
ŝtopi stop up, plug; clog  
ŝtormo storm (?)  
ŝtrumpo stocking  
ŝtupo step (?)  
ŝuldi owe, be in debt  
ŝultro shoulder  
ŝuo shoe  
ŝuti pour out, tip out (tr)  
ŝveli swell, become swollen  
ŝvito sweat, perspire  
ŝvebi hover; float (in the air)  
tabako tabacco  
tabelo table, tabulation; (writing-)tablet  
tablo table (furniture)  
tabulo board; plank  
tago day  
tagiĝo daybreak  
tagordo agenda  
ĉiutaga daily  
tajdo tide  
tajli cut (diamond), cut out (garment)  
tajloro tailor  
tajpi type (w/ typewriter)  
taksi estimate, value (at); rate  
taksio taxi, cab  
takto tact (?)  
talio waist; waistline  
talono stock (cards not yet dealt); counterfoil (?)  
tamburo drum  
tamen however, nonetheless  
tanĝi be tangential to; brush with  
tapeto wallpaper, wall-covering; tapestry  
tapiŝo carpet  
tarifo tariff  
taroko tarot (playing-card)  
tasko task, job; (school)work  
taso cup  
taǔgi be fit (for), be of use, serve, do  
taǔga suitable, fitting, adequate  
sentaǔgulo good-for-nothing person (?)  
taǔzi tousle, dishevel; jostle  
tavolo layer; stratum  
teo tea  
teamo team (?)  
teatro theatre  
teatraĵo play (theatre)  
tedi bore, tire  
tegi cove, protect; face, coat (?)  
tegmento roof  
tegolo (roofing) tile  
tekniko technique; technics, technology  
teksi weave  
teksilo loom  
teksto text; words (of song)(?)  
teksti read, say (intr) (?)  
telefono telephone  
telegrafo telegraph  
telegramo telegram  
telero plate (for food)  
temo subject, theme, topic  
temperaturo temperature  
tempesto storm, tempest  
tempo time; tense  
tendenco tendency (trend; bias)  
tendo tent  
teni hold; keep, maintain; have  
elteni endure, bear  
tenti tempt  
teorio theory  
teraso terrace  
tereno terrain; grounds; field (of activity)  
teritorio territory  
termino (technical etc) term  
terminaro glossary  
termometro thermometer  
terni sneeze  
tero earth; ground  
terskuo earth tremor  
tertremo earthquake  
teroro reign of terror  
terpomo potato  
teruro terror  
testudo tortoise  
tia (demonstrative adj) such, that kind of  
tial therefore, for that reason  
tiam then, at that time  
tie there, in that place  
tien there, to that place  
tiel so, in that way  
tiel...kiel as ... as  
ties that one's  
tifono typhoon  
tigo stem, stalk  
tigro tiger  
tikli tickle (tr)  
tiktaki tick (clock etc)  
timi fear  
tinkturo dye; tincture  
tinti tinkle, jingle, clink (intr)  
tio (demonstrative pronoun) that (thing)  
tiom (da) so much; so many  
tipo type (?)  
tiri pull, draw  
altiri attract  
eltiraĵo excerpt  
titolo title, heading  
tiu (demonstrative pronoun and adj) that one; that  
toleri tolerate  
tolo linen cloth, sheeting  
tomato tomato  
tombo grave, tomb  
tondi shear, clip, cut (as with scissors)  
tondilo scissors  
tondro thunder  
tono tone (?)  
tordi twist (tr)  
torento torrent  
torto tart, pie (?)  
torni turn (on a lathe) (tr)  
tornilo lathe  
tosto toast (drink someone's health)  
tra (prepn) through  
trabo beam, girder  
tradicio tradition  
traduki translate  
trafi hit (the mark); catch (a train); run up against (?)  
trafiko traffic  
tragedio tragedy  
tragika tragic  
trajno train (railway)  
trajto trait, feature  
traktato treaty  
trakti treat, deal with  
traktoro tractor  
tramo tram (?)  
tranĉi cut (with knife etc)  
tranĉilo knife  
trankvila calm, tranquil  
trans (prepn) across  
transigi transfer  
transitiva transitive (?)  
tre very; very much  
trejni train, coach  
trefo clubs (cards)  
tredi thread (needle, etc)  
tremi tremble, quiver; shiver; rattle  
trempi dip, dunk; soak (tr)  
treni tow; trail, drag along (tr)  
trezoro treasure  
tri 3  
triangulo triangle  
tribo tribe  
tribunalo tribunal; court (of justice)  
triki knit (tr)  
trikoto stockinet (?)  
trinki drink  
trito newt (?)  
tritiko wheat  
tro too; too much  
troigi exaggerate  
trompi deceive; cheat  
trotuaro pavement, sidewalk  
trovi find  
troviĝi be found (at)  
trudi impose, thrust (upon)  
truo hole  
trui punch; puncture  
truetaro perforation  
trumpeto trumpet  
truko trick (?)  
trunko trunk (of tree, body, etc)  
trupo troupe; troop  
tualeto toilette (?)  
tubero bump, lump; gnarl, knot; knob; tuber  
tubo tube, pipe; (gun) barrel  
tufo tuft; wisp; hank (?)  
tuj immediately  
tuja instant, immediate (?)  
tuko a cloth  
tumulto riot; tumult  
tunelo tunnel  
tuno ton (weight)  
turbano turban  
turismo touring, travel, turism  
turisto tourist  
turmenti torment; torture  
turni turn (tr)  
turo tower  
tusi cough  
tuŝi touch (tr)  
tuta entire, whole  
tute wholly, quite  
tuto whole  
ujo container, recptacle  
ungo nail; claw  
uniformo uniform  
unika unique; one and only  
universala universal  
universitato university  
unu 1  
urbo town, city  
urĝi be urgent, be pressing; urge (that a thing be done)  
urino urine  
urso bear (animal)  
utila useful  
utiligi utilize  
uzi use  
eluzi wear out (tr), use up  
ǔato watt (elec)  
vadi wade  
vagi wander, roam  
vagono (railway) coach, carriage  
vakcino vaccine  
vaki be vacant  
vakso wax  
vakuo vacuum  
valida valid (?)  
valizo suitcase, grip (?)  
valo valley  
valoro value  
valora valuable  
valuto currency; foreign exchange; valuta  
vana futile, sterile (?)  
vane in vain  
valvo valve  
vando partition (?)  
vango cheek  
vangofrapo slap on the face; affront  
vanta frivolous; vain, conceited  
vaporo vapour; steam;  
varoj wares, merchandise; commodities  
varbi recruit; woo (potential supporters), canvass (support)  
varii vary (intr) (?)  
varma warm; hot  
varti nurse (child etc), look after  
vasta spacious, wide, vast, huge  
vato cotton-wool; wadding; (elec) watt  
vazo vessel (any kind of container); vase  
ve! alas! woe! oh dear!  
vegetalo (of the) vegetable (kingdom)  
vegetara vegetarian  
vejno vein  
veki arouse, wake up (tr)  
vekhorloĝo alarm clock  
velki fade, wither, droop  
velo sail  
veluro velvet  
vendi sell (tr)  
vendredo Friday  
veneno poison  
venĝi avenge; take revenge  
veni come  
venontjare next year  
alveni arrive  
deveni come from, be derived from, result from  
kunveni meet (intr)  
reveno return  
venki defeat; win (against)  
vento wind  
ventumilo fan (blows air)  
ventro belly, paunch, tummy  
vera true  
verŝajna probable, likely  
verbo verb  
verda green  
vergo rod; twig, switch; wand  
verko work, composition (?)  
vermo worm  
versio version  
verso (line of) verse  
verŝi pour (tr) (liquids); shed, scatter  
vertico vertex, apex (of angle, curve)  
vertikala vertical  
verto crown of the head  
veruko wart  
vespero evening  
vesperto bat (animal)  
vespo wasp  
vesto garment  
veŝto waistcoat, vest  
vetero weather  
veti bet, wager  
vetperisto bookmaker  
veturi go, travel (by some sort of vehicle)  
veziko bladder; bubble  
vi (pronoun) you  
viadukto viaduct (?)  
viando meat  
vibri vibrate (intr)  
vico row, line  
via.vico your turn  
vidi see  
vidpunkto view point  
vidvo widower  
vigla alert, wide-awake; brisk  
viktimo victim  
vilaĝo village  
vinagro vinegar  
vindi swathe; bandage, bind up  
vino wine  
vintro winter  
vinĉo winch (?)  
violo violet (?)  
violono violin  
vipo whip  
virga virgin(al)  
viro man (vs. woman, child)  
virto virtue  
virtuala virtual  
viruso virus  
viŝi wipe  
vito vine  
vitro glass (material)  
vivi live  
vizaĝo face  
viziti visit  
voĉdoni vote  
voĉo voice; vote  
vojaĝi travel  
vojo way, road, route  
vokalo vowel  
voki call; summon  
volbo vault (arched roof)  
voli want (to), be willing, choose (to)  
volo will  
volonte willingly, gladly  
volumeno (geom) volume  
volumo volume, tome  
volvi wind (into ball, onto spool), wrap round  
vomi vomit  
volupto sensual pleasure  
vortaro dictionary  
vorto word  
vosto tail  
vortico vortex (whirlwind; whirlpool)  
voto vow (?)  
vualo veil  
vulkano volcano  
vulpo fox  
vulturo vulture  
vundo wound, injure  
vulgara common, everyday; vernacular  
zebro zebra  
zinko zinc  
zipo zip (fastener)  
zono belt; zone (?)  
zoologio zoology  
zorgi care for; be concerned over; be anxious about  
zumi hum; buzz  

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