parts of a cell

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Mitochondria produces most of the cells energy (ATP)  
ribosome where proteins are made  
nuclear membrane double membrane surrounding the nucleus  
lysosome contains the cell's digestive enzymes  
vacuole stores water, waste and enzymes  
eukaryote organism whose cells have a nucleus Ex. liver, animals  
prokaryote single celled organisms without a nucleus, exitsted first, example: bacteria, algae  
choloroplast photosynthesis takes place here, contains green pigment chlorophyll, contains DNA  
nucleus control center of the cell  
cell wall supports and protects the cell, plants only  
cytoplasm jelly like liquid found in all cells  
plasma membrane thin covering that surround cell and regulates what enters and leaves the cell (semi-permeable)  
organelle structure within a cell that performs a specific function  
golgi apparatus packages and distributes proteins recieved from the ER. Labels and releases molecules in vesicles  
endoplasmic reticulum maintains homeostasis by moving supplies from one part of the cell to another  
What limits the size of a cell? the amount of surface area  
What happens to the surface area as the volume increases? it increases but at a slower rate  
What organelles are found only in plants? chloroplast, cell wall  
What are the 3 shapes of bacteria? Bacillus- rod shaped, Coccus-round, Spirillum-spiral  
How do prokaryotes reproduce? Binary fission  
virus non-living paricle made of nuclic acid and protein coat  

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