Dr. David Schroeder's General Psyc 2013 - Psychology: Schacter, Gibert, Wegner

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structuralists tried to analyze the mind by breaking it down into its basic components  
functionalists focused on how mental abilities allow people to adapt to their environments.  
nativism Plato argued in favor of this theory which maintains that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn  
“tabula rasa” Aristotle believed that the child’s mind was a blank slate on which experiences were written, and he argued for philosophical empiricism.  
philosophical empiricism holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience  
Renè Descartes (1595–1650) made contributions to many fields of inquiry, from physiology to philosophy. He is probably best known for his suggestion that the body and soul are fundamentally different.  
Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) argued that the mind and body aren’t different things at all; rather, the mind is what the brain does  
phrenology specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain  
physiology the study of biological processes, especially in the human body  
Hermann von Helmholtz (1821-94) Physiologist who developed a method for measuring the speed of nerve impulses in a frog’s leg, which he then adapted to the study of human beings.  
stimulus sensory input from the environment  
reaction time amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus  
Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)Helmholtz's research assistant who is credited with the official emergence of psychology  
introspection involves the subjective observation of one’s own experience.  
Edward Titchener (1867-1927) studied with Wundt for 2 years in the early 1890s and then came to the United States and set up a psychology laboratory at Cornell University  
natural selection states that the features of an organism that help it survive and reproduce are more likely than other features to be passed on to subsequent generations  
G. Stanley Hall (1844-1924) studied with both Wundt and James and set up the first psychology research laboratory in North America at Johns Hopkins University in 1881.  

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